A Stackelberg game approach for demand response management of multi-microgrids with overlapping sales areas


Microgrids are increasingly participating directly in the electricity market as sellers in order to fulfill the power demand in specific regions. In this study, we consider a demand response management model for multi-microgrids and multi-users, with overlapping sales areas. We construct a Stackelberg game model of microgrids and users, and then analyze the equilibrium strategies systematically. As such, we prove that there is a unique Stackelberg equilibrium solution for the game. In equilibrium, the electricity price strategies of the microgrids and the demand strategies of the users achieve a balance. Furthermore, we propose a numerical algorithm, supported by a simulation, to compute the equilibrium solution and give the proof of convergence.

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This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61522310) and Shu Guang Project of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission and Shanghai Education Development Foundation (Grant No. 17SG26).

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Correspondence to Tao Li.

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Li, J., Ma, G., Li, T. et al. A Stackelberg game approach for demand response management of multi-microgrids with overlapping sales areas. Sci. China Inf. Sci. 62, 212203 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-018-9814-4

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  • electricity market
  • microgrid
  • demand response management
  • overlapping sales areas
  • game theory
  • Stackelberg equilibrium