A secure rational quantum state sharing protocol

Abstract

A novel rational protocol to share two arbitrary qubits among multiple parties is investigated in this paper. First, the protocol is presented, which is learned from Li et al.’s protocol. Second, the utility, security, correctness, fairness, Nash equilibrium, and Pareto optimality of our scheme are discussed in detail, where the utility, correctness, and fairness of rational quantum state sharing protocols are creatively given because the agent who recovers the state plays a different and more important role. Another important point is that assumptions about our protocol are more practical and suitable than existing protocols.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61671087, 61272514, 61170272), National Development Foundation for Cryptological Research (Grant No. MMJJ201401012), Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation (Grant No. 131067), Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia (Grant No. 2017MS0602), University Scientific Research Project of Inner Mongolia (Grant No. NJZY17164), and Open Foundation of Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Public Big Data (Grant No. 2017BDKFJJ007).

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Correspondence to Xiu-Bo Chen.

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Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Dou, Z., Xu, G., Chen, XB. et al. A secure rational quantum state sharing protocol. Sci. China Inf. Sci. 61, 022501 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-9151-x

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Keywords

  • rational
  • quantum state sharing
  • Nash equilibrium
  • secure
  • correct