Partial intersection sphere decoding with weighted voting for sparse rotated V-OFDM systems

  • Qi Feng
  • Xiang-Gen Xia
  • Naitong Zhang
Research Paper


Vector orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (V-OFDM) is a general system that builds a bridge between OFDM and single-carrier frequency domain equalization in terms of intersymbol interference level and receiver complexity. In this paper, we focus on a rotated V-OFDM system over a broadband sparse channel owing to its large time delay spread and fewer nonzero taps. In order to collect the multipath diversity, a simple rotation matrix is designed, independent of the number of subchannels at the transmitter. For the rotated V-OFDM receiver, a partial intersection sphere decoding with weighted voting method is proposed by exploiting the sparse nature of the multipath channel. The proposed receiver chooses the transmitted vector from the set with the maximum likelihood estimation generated using the partial intersection sphere decoding method. For an extreme case, such as when a candidate set is empty, which usually occurs at a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), an efficient weighted voting system is used to estimate the transmitted vectors symbol-by-symbol. Simulation results indicate that the proposed receiver improves the symbol error rate performance with reduced complexity, especially for low SNR scenarios.


vector orthogonal frequency division multiplexing sparse multipath channel partial intersection sphere decoding weighted voting diversity order 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61401194), China Scholarship Council (Grant No. 201406190083), and Program B for Outstanding Ph.D. Candidate of Nanjing University (Grant No. 201501B013).


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronic Science and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Information EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  4. 4.School of Electronics and Information EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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