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Robust and fast iterative sparse recovery method for space-time adaptive processing

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Conventional space-time adaptive processing (STAP) requires large numbers of independent and identically distributed (i.i.d) training samples to ensure the performance of clutter suppression, which is hard to be achieved in practical complex nonhomogeneous environment. In order to improve the performance of clutter suppression with small training sample support, a robust and fast iterative sparse recovery method for STAP is proposed in this paper. In the proposed method, the sparse recovery of clutter spatial-temporal spectrum and the calibration of space-time overcomplete dictionary are achieved iteratively. Firstly, the robust solution of sparse recovery is derived by regularized processing, which can be calculated recursively based on the block Hermitian matrix property, afterwards the mismatch of space-time overcomplete dictionary is calibrated by minimizing the cost function. The proposed method can not only alleviate the effect of noise and dictionary mismatch, but also reduce the computational cost caused by direct matrix inversion. Finally, the proposed method is verified based on the simulated and the actual airborne phased array radar data, which shows that the proposed method is suitable for practical complex nonhomogeneous environment and provides better performance compared with conventional STAP methods.

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Correspondence to Xiaopeng Yang.

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Yang, X., Sun, Y., Zeng, T. et al. Robust and fast iterative sparse recovery method for space-time adaptive processing. Sci. China Inf. Sci. 59, 062308 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-5533-9

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  • space-time adaptive processing (STAP)
  • sparse recovery
  • robust
  • iteration
  • computational complexity