“Stop-and-go” error analysis of geosynchronous SAR



In this paper, the slant range error introduced by the “stop-and-go” assumption is analyzed in detail. Owing to the high orbit and long synthetic aperture time of geosynchronous SAR (Geo-SAR), the slant range error introduced by the “stop-and-go” assumption should be considered. In addition, an accurate signal propagation delay time equation of Geo-SAR based on circle orbit is presented, and the error of the “stop-andgo” assumption is demonstrated by simulation. An “equivalent position” model is proposed and validated by simulation. The error of various powers of “stop-and-go” slant range is analyzed using Legendre orthogonal series expansion. The limitation of the stop-and-so assumption is proved by point target simulation.


由于地球同步轨道SAR的超高轨道高度和超长合成孔径时间,使得低轨道SAR的成像方法不能完全适用于地球同步轨道SAR。本文分析了传统“stop-and-go”假设所引起的斜距误差对地球同步轨道SAR成像的影响,并提出了一种正圆轨道下的成像几何模型。基于此模型,找到了能用于成像的等效中点位置。利用legendre 正交级数展开,分析了"stop-and-go"假设所引起的斜距误差的具体形式。最后,通过点目标仿真,验证了"stop-and-go"假设的局限性和本文提出的模型的有效性。

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Correspondence to Yurun Tian.

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Tian, Y., Guo, S. & Yu, W. “Stop-and-go” error analysis of geosynchronous SAR. Sci. China Inf. Sci. 59, 062306 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-015-5388-5

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  • geosynchronous SAR
  • stop-and-go assumption
  • equivalent position model
  • Legendre orthogonal series
  • error analysis


  • 地球同步轨道SAR
  • 走停模式假设
  • 等效中点模型
  • 勒让德正交级数
  • 误差分析