Model based verification of dynamically evolvable service oriented systems



Dynamic evolution is highly desirable for service oriented systems in open environments. For the evolution to be trusted, it is crucial to keep the process consistent with the specification. In this paper, we study two kinds of evolution scenarios and propose a novel verification approach based on hierarchical timed automata to model check the underlying consistency with the specification. It examines the procedures before, during and after the evolution process, respectively and can support the direct modeling of temporal aspects, as well as the hierarchical decomposition of software structures. Probabilities are introduced to model the uncertainty characterized in open environments and thus can support the verification of parameter-level evolution. We present a flattening algorithm to facilitate automated verification using the mainstream timed automata based model checker–UPPAAL (integrated with UPPAAL-SMC). We also provide a motivating example with performance evaluation that complements the discussion and demonstrates the feasibility of our approach.



针对开放环境下面向服务架构的动态演化问题, 文章提出了一种基于扩展的层次式时间自动机的验证方法, 该方法可以对时间相关属性, 层次结构特征, 状态及演化行为进行直接的建模。通过引入概率转移可对开放环境下的不确定性进行建模, 结合应用统计模型检验技术, 从而支持对概率相关规约进行分析验证; 针对结构型的演化类别, 通过传统的时序逻辑进行规约描述, 且可以从演化前、演化中及演化后分别进行验证; 针对参数型的演化类别, 可以采用概率时序逻辑进行规约描述并进行验证, 为说明方法的有效性, 通过一个经典的电子商务系统范例展示了所提方法针对这两种演化类型的验证。

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Correspondence to Yu Zhou.

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Zhou, Y., Ge, J., Zhang, P. et al. Model based verification of dynamically evolvable service oriented systems. Sci. China Inf. Sci. 59, 32101 (2016).

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  • dynamic evolution
  • verification
  • model checking
  • service oriented systems
  • timed automata


  • 动态演化
  • 验证
  • 模型检验
  • 面向服务系统
  • 时间自动机