Skip to main content
Log in

Ground moving target signal model and power calculation in forward scattering micro radar

  • Published:
Science in China Series F: Information Sciences Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Forward scattering micro radar is used for situation awareness; its operational range is relatively short because of the battery power and local horizon, the free space propagation model is not appropriate. The ground moving targets, such as humans, cars and tanks, have only comparable size with the transmitted signal wavelength; the point target model and the linear change of observation angle are not applicable. In this paper, the signal model of ground moving target is developed based on the case of forward scattering micro radar, considering the two-ray propagation model and area target model, and nonlinear change of observation angle as well as high order phase error. Furthermore, the analytical form of the received power from moving target has been obtained. Using the simulated forward scattering radar cross section, the received power of theoretical calculation is near to that of measured data. In addition, the simulated signal model of ground moving target is perfectly matched with the experimented data. All these results show the correctness of analytical calculation completely.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Chernyak V. Fundamentals of Multisite Radar Systems. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1998

    Google Scholar 

  2. Skolnik M I. Introduction to Radar Systems. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1980

    Google Scholar 

  3. Willis N J. Bistatic Radar. Technology Service Corporation, 1995

  4. Jackson M C. The geometry of bistatic radar systems. IEE Proc F, 1986, 133(7): 604–612

    Google Scholar 

  5. Robert J B. Comparison of monostatic and bistatic bearing estimation performance for low RCS targets. IEEE Trans AES, 1994, 30(3): 962–968

    Google Scholar 

  6. Chapurskiy V V, Sablin V N. SISAR: shadow inverse synthetic aperture radiolocation. In: Rroc Int Radar Conf 2000, Washington, DC, USA. 2000. 332–328

  7. Cherniakov M, Abdullah R, Janovi P, et al. Automatic ground target classification using FSR. IEE P-Radar Son Nav, 2006, 153(5): 427–437

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Gould D M, Orton R S, Pollard R J E. Forward scatter radar detection. In: IEE Conference, Radar 2002, Edinburgh Scotland, 15–17 Oct. 2002. 36–40

  9. Cherniakov M. Bistatic Radar: Principles and Practice. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2007

    Book  Google Scholar 

  10. Blyakhman A B. Multistatic Forward Scattering Radar. In: PIERS Workshop on Advances in Radar methods, Italy, Baveno, July 1998. 107–113

  11. Blyakhman A B, Runova I A. Forward scattering radiolocation bistatic RCS and target detection. In: IEEE Radar Conference, Waltham, Massachsetts, USA, 20–22 April, 1999. 203–208

  12. Blyakhman A B, Ryndyk A G, Sidorov S B. Forward scattering radar moving object coordinate measurement. In: IEEE International Radar Conference, Virginia, USA, 7–12 May, 2000. 678–682

  13. Blyakhman A B, Myakinkov A V, Ryndyk A G. Tracking algorithm for three-dimensional bistatic forward scattering radar with weighting of primary measurements. In: European Radar Conference EuRAD 2005, Paris, 6–7 Oct, 2005. 153–156

  14. Myakinkov A V. Optimal detection of high-velocity targets in forward scattering radar. In: Antenna Theory and Techniques 5th International Conference, Kyiv, Ukraine, 24–27 May, 2005. 345–347

  15. Cherniakov M, Abdullah R S A, Jančvič P et al. Forward scattering micro sensor for vehicle classification. In: IEEE Int Radar Conf, Arlington, VA, USA, May 2005. 184–189

  16. Cherniakov M, Salous M, Kostylev M, et al. Analysis of forward scattering radar for ground target detection. In: European Radar Conf EuRAD2005, Paris, 6–7 Oct, 2005. 145–148

  17. Cherniakov M, Salous M, Jančvič P, et al. Forward scattering radar for ground targets detection and recognition. In: Defence Technology Conf, Edinburgh Scotland, 16–17 June, 2005. A-12

  18. Sizov V, Cherniakov M, Antoniou M. Forward scattering radar power budget analysis for ground targets. IEE P-Radar Son Nav, 2007, 1(6): 437–446

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Sizov V, Cheng H, Antoniou M, et al. Vegetation clutter spectral properties in vhf/uhf bistatic Doppler radar. In: IEEE Radar Conf 2008. Rome Italy, 2008. 1466–1471

  20. Cheng H, Antoniou M, Cherniakov M, et al. Quasi-optimal signal processing in ground forward scattering radar. In: IEEE Radar Conf 2008. Rome Italy, 2008. 2044–2049

  21. Pytor Y U. Comments on the diffraction principles and limitations of RCS reduction techniques. Proc IEEE, 84(12): 1830–1850

  22. Sizov V, Cherniakov M, Antoniou M. Forward scatter RCS estimation for ground targets. In: European Radar Conf Eu-RAD, Munich, Germany, 10–12 Oct, 2007. 421–424

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Cheng Hu.

Additional information

Supported partially by the Electro-Magnetic Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre (EMRS DTC), established by the UK Ministry of Defence (Grant No. 1-27), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (Grant No. NCET-06-0162), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 60890071-17, 60890072-13, 60890073)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Long, T., Hu, C. & Mikhail, C. Ground moving target signal model and power calculation in forward scattering micro radar. Sci. China Ser. F-Inf. Sci. 52, 1704–1714 (2009).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: