Electrical activities of neural systems exposed to sinusoidal induced electric field with random phase
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The brain neural system is often disturbed by electromagnetic and noise environments, and research on dynamic response of its interaction has received extensive attention. This paper investigates electrical activity of Morris-Lecar neural systems exposed to sinusoidal induced electric field (IEF) with random phase generated by electromagnetic effect. By introducing a membrane depolarization model under the effect of random IEF, transition state of firing patterns, including mixed-mode oscillations (MMOs) with layered inter-spike intervals (ISI) and intermittency with a power law distribution in probability density function of ISI, is obtained in a single neuron. Considering the synergistic effects of frequency and noise, coherence resonance is performed by phase noise of IEF under certain parameter conditions. For the neural network without any internal coupling, we demonstrate that synchronous oscillations can be induced by IEF coupling, and suppression of synchronous spiking is achieved effectively by phase noise of IEF. Results of the study enrich the dynamical response to electromagnetic induction and provide insights into mechanisms of noise affecting information coding and transmission in neural systems.
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