Advertisement

Science China Technological Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 285–298 | Cite as

Energy conversion characteristics of reciprocating piston quasi-isothermal compression systems using water sprays

  • GuanWei Jia
  • MaoLin Cai
  • WeiQing Xu
  • Yan Shi
Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Air compressors are vital and have numerous industrial applications. Approximately 8% of the annual operating electricity consumption in industrial countries is constituted by due to the use of air compressors. Because the poor heat transfer to the environment in the rapid compression process, the compression is non-isothermal, the efficiency of compressors is restricted. To improve their efficiency and achieve isothermal compression, this study proposes energy conversion reciprocating piston quasiisothermal compression using a water spray. First, a mathematical model of a reciprocating piston compressor with water sprays was established. Through experimental investigation and simulations, the mathematical model was validated. The energy conversion characteristics of the reciprocating piston compressor were then studied. To reduce compression power and enhance compression efficiency, it was first discovered that the critical parameters were the input pressure of the driving chamber, water spray mass, and compression volume ratio, which were then evaluated thoroughly. The higher the inlet pressure of the driving chamber, the faster the air compression velocity. Additionally, the compression efficiency was elevated as the water spray mass was gradually increased for a given compression volume ratio. When the compression volume ratio was increased from 2 to 3, the compression power increased from 172.7 J/stroke to 294.2 J/stroke and the compression efficiency was enhanced from 37.3% (adiabatic) to 80.6%. This research and its performance analysis can be referred to during the parameter design optimisation of reciprocating piston quasi-isothermal compression systems using water sprays.

Keywords

water spray cooling quasi-isothermal compression compression power compression efficiency 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Air and Gas Institute, Rollins J P. Compressed Air and Gas Handbook. Sumner Avenue Cleveland: Compressed Air and Gas Institute, 1973Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mousavi S, Kara S, Kornfeld B. Energy efficiency of compressed air systems. Procedia Cirp, 2014, 15: 313–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Qin H, Aimee M. Improving energy efficiency of compressed air system based on system audit. In: The 5th International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Motor Driven Systems. Beijing, China, 2007Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Saidur R, Rahim N A, Hasanuzzaman M. A review on compressed-air energy use and energy savings. Renew Sustain Energy Rev, 2010, 14: 1135–1153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Improving Compressed Air System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry. Washington, DC: United States Department of Energy, 2003Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Coney M W, Stephenson P, Malmgren A, et al. Development of a reciprocating compressor using water injection to achieve quasi-isothermal compression. In: Proceeding of International Compressor Engineering Conference at Purdue. West Lafayette, 2002Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zheng Q, Sun Y, Li S, et al. Thermodynamic analyses of wet compression process in the compressor of gas turbine. In: ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 4. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2003. 487–496Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang B, Li X, Shi W, et al. Design of experimental bench and internal pressure measurement of scroll compressor with refrigerant injection. Int J Refrig, 2007, 30: 179–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lu Y W, Yu Q, Du W B, et al. Natural convection heat transfer of molten salt in a single energy storage tank. Sci China Tech Sci, 2016, 59: 1244–1251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tang Z. Non-noble metal anode based dual-ion batteries: Promising high-energy and low-cost energy storage devices. Sci China Mater, 2017, 60: 368–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang F, Li G, Hua J, et al. A new method for analysing the pressure response delay in a pneumatic brake system caused by the influence of transmission pipes. Appl Sci, 2017, 7: 941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Qin C, Loth E. Liquid piston compression efficiency with droplet heat transfer. Appl Energy, 2014, 114: 539–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yang F, Tadano K, Li G, et al. Analysis of the energy efficiency of a pneumatic booster regulator with energy recovery. Appl Sci, 2017, 7: 816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang Z, Zhou X, Yang C, et al. An experimental study on hysteresis characteristics of a pneumatic braking system for a multi-axle heavy vehicle in emergency braking situations. Appl Sci, 2017, 7: 799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lin T, Chen Q, Ren H, et al. Energy regeneration hydraulic system via a relief valve with energy regeneration unit. Appl Sci, 2017, 7: 613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ning F, Shi Y, Cai M, et al. Research progress of related technologies of electric-pneumatic pressure proportional valves. Appl Sci, 2017, 7: 1074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Najjar Y S H, Al-Zoghool Y M A. Sustainable energy development in power generation by using green inlet-air cooling technologies with gas turbine engines. J Engin Thermophys, 2015, 24: 181–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Najjar Y S H, Abubaker A M, El-Khalil A F S. Novel inlet air cooling with gas turbine engines using cascaded waste-heat recovery for green sustainable energy. Energy, 2015, 93: 770–785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shukla A K, Singh O. Performance evaluation of steam injected gas turbine based power plant with inlet evaporative cooling. Appl Thermal Eng, 2015, 102: 454–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    De Lucia M, Lanfranchi C, Boggio V. Benefits of compressor inlet air cooling for gas turbine cogeneration plants. In: ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition. Volume 4. Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. Houston, 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sexton W R, Sexton M R. The effects of wet compression on gas turbine engine operating performance. In: ASME Turbo Expo 2003, Collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Volume 2. Atlanta, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang T, Khan J R. Overspray and interstage fog cooling in compressor using stage-stacking scheme: Part 2—Case Study. In: ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 7. Berlin, 2008Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Utamura M, Takaaki K, Murata H, et al. Effects of intensive evaporative cooling on performance characteristics of land-based gas turbine. In: 1999 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Burlingame, CA, 1999Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Stephenson P L, Malmgren A, Coney M, et al. Isothermal compression by dense water sprays in a reciprocating piston compressor. In: Proceeding of 18th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization & Spray Systems (ILASS-Europe). Zaragoza, 2002Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Winandy E L, Lebrun J. Scroll compressors using gas and liquid injection: Experimental analysis and modelling. Int J Refrig, 2002, 25: 1143–1156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Qin C, Loth E, Li P, et al. Spray-cooling concept for wind-based compressed air energy storage. J Renew Sustain Energ, 2014, 6: 043125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wang X, Hwang Y, Radermacher R. Investigation of potential benefits of compressor cooling. Appl Thermal Eng, 2008, 28: 1791–1797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Al-Sumaily G F, Sheridan J, Thompson M C. Analysis of forced convection heat transfer from a circular cylinder embedded in a porous medium. Int J Thermal Sci, 2012, 51: 121–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Al-Sumaily G F, Thompson M C. Forced convection from a circular cylinder in pulsating flow with and without the presence of porous media. Int J Heat Mass Transfer, 2013, 61: 226–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Chen Y, Shen C, Lu P, et al. Role of pore structure on liquid flow behaviors in porous media characterized by fractal geometry. Chem Eng Process, 2014, 87: 75–80Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    McBride T, Bell A, Kepshire D. ICAES innovation: Foam-based heat exchange. Seabrook: SustainX, Inc., 2013Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Oneyama N, Zhang H, Seno M, et al. Study and suggestion on flowrate characteristics of pneumatic components (in Chinese). In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fluid Power Transmission and Control. Wuhan, China, 2003Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ren S, Shi Y, Cai M, et al. Influence of secretion on airflow dynamics of mechanical ventilated respiratory system. IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinf, 2017, 10.1109/TCBB.2017.2737621Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ren S, Cai M, Shi Y, et al. Influence of bronchial diameter change on the airflow dynamics based on a pressure-controlled ventilation system. Int J Numer Meth Biomed Eng, 2017, 79: e2929Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Shi Y, Zhang B, Cai M, et al. Coupling effect of double lungs on a VCV ventilator with automatic secretion clearance function. IEEE/ ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinf, 2017, 10.1109/TCBB.2017.2670079Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Niu J L, Shi Y, Cao Z X, et al. Study on air flow dynamic characteristic of mechanical ventilation of a lung simulator. Sci China Tech Sci, 2017, 60: 243–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Shi Y, Wang Y, Cai M, et al. An aviation oxygen supply system based on a mechanical ventilation model. Chin J Aeronaut, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.cja.2017.10.008Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhao L, Yang Y, Xia Y, et al. Active disturbance rejection position control for a magnetic rodless pneumatic cylinder. IEEE Trans Ind Electron, 2015, 62: 5838–5846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhao L, Xia Y, Yang Y, et al. Multicontroller positioning strategy for a pneumatic servo system via pressure feedback. IEEE Trans Ind Electron, 2017, 64: 4800–4809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Cai M, Kawashima K, Kagawa T. Power assessment of flowing compressed air. J Fluids Eng, 2006, 128: 402CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • GuanWei Jia
    • 1
    • 2
  • MaoLin Cai
    • 1
    • 2
  • WeiQing Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yan Shi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Automation Science and Electrical EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Pneumatic and Thermodynamic Energy Storage and Supply Beijing Key LaboratoryBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations