Science China Technological Sciences

, Volume 56, Issue 6, pp 1525–1533 | Cite as

An improved ground motion intensity measure for super high-rise buildings

  • Xiao Lu
  • LiePing Ye
  • XinZheng Lu
  • MengKe Li
  • XiaoWei Ma


Ground motion intensity measure (IM) is an important part in performance-based seismic design. A reasonable and efficient IM can make the prediction of the structural seismic responses more accurate. Therefore, a more reasonable IM for super high-rise buildings is proposed in this paper. This IM takes into account the significant characteristic that higher-order vibration modes play important roles in the seismic response of super high-rise buildings, as well as the advantages of some existing IMs. The key parameter of the proposed IM is calibrated using a series of time-history analyses. The collapse simulations of two super high-rise buildings are used to discuss the suitability of the proposed IM and some other existing IMs. The results indicate that the proposed IM yields a smaller coefficient of variation for the critical collapse status than other existing IMs and performs well in reflecting the contribution of higher-order vibration modes to the structural response. Hence, the proposed IM is more applicable to seismic design for super high-rise buildings than other IMs.


ground motion intensity measure super high-rise building time-history analysis collapse analysis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hamburger R, Rojahn C, Moehle J, et al. The ATC-58project: Development of next-generation performance-based earthquake engineering design criteria for buildings. In: 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August 1–6, 2004. 1819Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shome N, Cornell C A, Bazzurro P, et al. Earthquakes, records and nonlinear responses. Earthq Spectra, 1998, 14: 469–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tothong P, Luco N. Probabilistic seismic demand analysis using advanced intensity measures. Earthquake Eng Struct Dyn, 2007, 36: 1837–1860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cordova P P, Deierlein G G, Mehanny S S F, et al. Development of a two-parameter seismic intensity measure and probabilistic assessment procedure. In: The Second U.S.-Japan Workshop on Performance-based Earthquake Engineering Methodology for Reinforced Concrete Building Structures, Sapporo, Japan, 2001. 187–206Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Luco N, Cornell C A. Structure-specific scalar intensity measures for near-source and ordinary earthquake motions. Earthq Spectra, 2007, 23: 357–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baker J W, Cornell C A. A vectored-valued ground motion intensity measure consisting of spectral acceleration and epsilon. Earthquake Eng Struct Dyn, 2005, 34: 1193–1217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Vamvatsikos D, Cornell C A. Incremental dynamic analysis. Earthquake Eng Struct Dyn, 2002, 31: 491–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ye L P, Ma Q L, Miao Z W, et al. Numerical and comparative study of earthquake intensity indices in seismic analysis. Struct Des Tall Spec, 2013, 22: 362–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lucchini A, Mollaioli F, Monti G. Intensity measures for response prediction of a torsional building subjected to bi-directional earthquake ground motion. B Earthq Eng, 2011, 9: 1499–1518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jiang H J, He L S, Lu X L, et al. Analysis of seismic performance and shaking table tests of the Shanghai Tower (in Chinese). J Building Struct, 2011, 32: 55–63Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang X Q, Fu X Y, Huang Y J. Dynamic elasto-plastic analysis of the Shenzhen Ping’an Financial Center Tower (in Chinese). J Building Structs, 2011, 32: 40–49Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fan H, Li Q S, Alex Y T, et al. Seismic analysis of the world’s tallest building. J Construct Steel Res, 2009, 65: 1206–1215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Miranda E, Taghavi S. Approximate floor acceleration demands in multistory buildings I: Formulation. J Struct Eng-ASCE, 2005, 131: 203–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lu X, Lu X Z, Ye L P, et al. Collapse analysis of super high-rise building and discussion on the ground motion intensity measures. In: 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, September 24–28, 2012. 0164Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    FEMA. Quantification of building seismic performance factors, FEMA P695. Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, C.A., 2009Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lu X, Lu X Z, Zhang W K, et al. Collapse simulation of a super high-rise building subjected to extremely strong earthquakes. Sci China Tech Sci, 2011, 54: 2549–2560zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ding J M, Wu H L, Zhao X. Seismic performance analysis and evaluation of Shanghai Tower under Maximum Considered Earthquake (in Chinese). J Civil Architect Environ Eng, 2010, 32: 231–233Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Miranda E, Akkar S D. Generalized interstory drift spectrum. J Struct Eng-ASCE, 2006, 132: 840–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Miranda E, Aslani H. Probabilistic response assessment for building-specific loss estimation. PEER 2003/03, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 2003Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shi W, Lu X Z, Ye L P. Uniform-risk-targeted seismic design for collapse safety of building structures. Sci China Tech Sci, 2012, 55: 1481–1488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lu X Z, Zhang W K, Lu X, et al. Elasto-plastic mechanical behavior of detailed finite element model and simplified model of mega columns (in Chinese). J Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural of Science), 2011, 27: 409–417Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lu X, Lu X Z, Guan H, et al. Collapse simulation of reinforced concrete high-rise building induced by extreme earthquakes. Earthquake Eng Struct Dyn, 2013, 42: 705–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lu X Z, Lu X, Guan H, et al. Earthquake-induced collapse simulation of a super-tall mega-braced frame-core tube building. J Constr Steel Res, 2013, 82: 59–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lu X, Lu X Z, Ye L P. Discussion on the ground motion intensity measures for super high-rise buildings (in Chinese). China Civil Eng J, 2012, 45: 292–296Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao Lu
    • 1
  • LiePing Ye
    • 1
  • XinZheng Lu
    • 1
  • MengKe Li
    • 1
  • XiaoWei Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations