Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 60, Issue 6, pp 1133–1146 | Cite as

Stage-progressive distribution pattern of the Lungmachi black graptolitic shales from Guizhou to Chongqing, Central China

  • Xu Chen
  • JunXuan Fan
  • WenHui Wang
  • HongYan Wang
  • HaiKuan Nie
  • XueWen Shi
  • ZhiDong Wen
  • DongYang Chen
  • WenJie Li
Research Paper

Abstract

The Lungmachi Formation is widely distributed in Guizhou, Chongqing and the adjacent area. It is important for the study of Silurian biostratigraphy and shale-gas investigation. Based on those biostratigraphically well-studied sections from Guiyang to Huayingshan, we reveal the stage-progressive distribution pattern of the Lungmachi black shales. The distribution of the Lungmachi black shales in the studying area can be subdivided into four geographic belts from the south to the north, reflecting the joint effect of regional and global environmental changes. The graptolite depth zonation model was adopted herein to infer the water depth of major graptolite assemblages from the black shales. The changes in the water depth indicate two major stages. The first stage is named the transgressive distribution stage which ranged from the Persculptograptus persculptus Biozone (LM1, upper Hirnantian) to the Coronograptus cyphus Biozone (LM5, upper Rhuddanian), an interval mostly controlled by global sea-level rise. The second stage, ranging from the Demirastrites triangulatus Biozone (LM6, lower Aeronian) to the Spirograptus guerichi Biozone (LM9, lower Telychian), is named the regressive shrinking stage, during which the black shales were gradually replaced by mixed-facies or carbonate sediments from the south to the north, representing the effects of the persistent uplifting of the Central Guizhou Oldland.

Keywords

Lungmachi Formation Black shales Graptolite biozone Graptolite depth zonation Transgressive distribution stage Regressive shrinking stage 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Chen
    • 1
  • JunXuan Fan
    • 2
  • WenHui Wang
    • 3
  • HongYan Wang
    • 4
  • HaiKuan Nie
    • 5
  • XueWen Shi
    • 6
  • ZhiDong Wen
    • 7
  • DongYang Chen
    • 2
    • 8
  • WenJie Li
    • 1
    • 8
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Economic Stratigraphy and PalaeogeographyChinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  3. 3.School of Earth Sciences and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.Langfang Branch, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & DevelopmentPetroChinaLangfangChina
  5. 5.Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & DevelopmentPetroChinaBeijingChina
  6. 6.Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Southwest Oil & Gas Field CompanyPetroChinaChengduChina
  7. 7.Southern Company of SINOPEC ExplorationChengduChina
  8. 8.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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