Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 452–462 | Cite as

Longgudong, an Early Pleistocene site in Jianshi, South China, with stratigraphic association of human teeth and lithics

  • Hao Li
  • ChaoRong Li
  • Kathleen Kuman
Research Paper


In this paper we report on Longgudong, an Early Pleistocene cave site in south China which was systematically excavated in 1999 and 2000, and where human teeth and associated stone artifacts were discovered within the same stratigraphic layer. The age of this site was estimated from faunal comparisons and palaeomagnetism and has been attributed to the Early Pleistocene, most probably the earlier Early Pleistocene. The human teeth from this site have been well studied. However, the stone artifacts are still unknown to most scholars. This paper thus presents an analysis of the lithics as the first firmly demonstrated stone tools associated with Early Pleistocene human fossils in south China.


Longgudong Early Pleistocene Hominin teeth Stone artifacts 


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Our warmest appreciation goes to Professor Zheng Shaohua for his generous permission to restudy the Longgudong site and for his selfless support of this research, to Professor Liu Wu for providing photos of the hominin teeth, to Professor Tong Haowen for suggestions on the age of Longgudong fauna and its comparison with those from other sites, to Professor R. J. Clarke for discussion of affinities of the Longgudong teeth, and to Xu Yong for lithic illustration. This research has been funded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Pioneer Hundred Talents Program, and the China-South Africa Bilateral Programme in Palaeolithic Archaeology to Gao Xing (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, China-South Africa Joint Research Program-7) and K. Kuman (National Research Foundation, Grant No. 88480).

Supplementary material

11430_2016_181_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (178 kb)
Measurements and technological attributes for the Longgudong artefacts


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© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental StudiesUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburg WITSSouth Africa

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