Science China Earth Sciences

, Volume 57, Issue 7, pp 1551–1566 | Cite as

Skarn-type tungsten mineralization associated with the Caledonian (Silurian) Niutangjie granite, northern Guangxi, China

  • Zhen Yang
  • RuCheng WangEmail author
  • WenLan Zhang
  • ZhuYin Chu
  • Jun Chen
  • JinChu Zhu
  • RongQing Zhang
Research Paper


The Niutangjie tungsten deposit is a bedded skarn-type scheelite deposit and is located at the junction between Ziyuan and Xingan counties in the north of Guangxi, China. The deposit is genetically related to a fine-grained two-mica granite within the orefield. Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of the granite yielded a Silurian (Caledonian) age of 421.8±2.4 Ma, which is contemporaneous with the adjacent Yuechengling batholith. Mineralization within the skarn is associated with a quartz, garnet, and diopside gangue, and scheelite is present in a number of different mineral assemblages, such as quartz-scheelite and quartz-sulfide-scheelite; these assemblages correspond to oxide and sulfide stages of mineralization. Sm-Nd isotope analysis of scheelite yielded an isochron age of 421±24 Ma. Although the uncertainty on this date is high, this age suggests that the scheelite mineralization formed during the Late Caledonian, at a similar time to the emplacement of the Niutangjie granite. Zircons within the granite have ɛ Hf(t) values and Hf two-stage model ages of −6.5 to −11.6, and 1.79 to 2.11 Ga, respectively. These data suggest that the magma that formed the granite was derived from Mesoproterozoic crustal materials. Scheelite ɛ Nd(t) values range from −13.06 to −13.26, also indicative of derivation from ancient crustal materials. Recent research has identified Caledonian magmatism in the western Nanling Range, indicating that this magmatism may be the source of contemporaneous tungsten mineralization.


Niutangjie tungsten deposit Caledonian granite Caledonian tungsten mineralization zircon U-Pb dating scheelite Sm-Nd dating 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andersen T. 2002. Corrections of common lead in U-Pb analyses that do not report 204Pb. Chem Geol, 192: 59–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blichert-Toft J, Albarede F. 1997. The Lu-Hf isotope geochemistry of chondrites and the evolution of the mantle-crust system. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 148: 243–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen J, Lu J J, Chen W F, et al. 2008. W-Sn-Nb-Ta-bearing granites in the Nanling range and their relationship to metallogengesis (in Chinese). Geol J China Univ, 14: 459–473Google Scholar
  4. Chen Y C, Mao J W, Wang P A. 1994. The evolutionary history of metallic deposits in northern Guangxi, China (in Chinese). Acta Geolog Sin, 68: 324–338Google Scholar
  5. Chen Y C, Mao J W. 1995. Metallogenic Series of Ore Deposits and Metallogenic Evolution Through Geologic History in Northern Guangxi (in Chinese). Nanning: Guangxi Science and Technology Press. 433Google Scholar
  6. Chowdhury S, Lentz D R. 2011. Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of scheelite-bearing skarns, and genetic relations between skarn mineralization and petrogenesis of the associated granitoid pluton at Sargipali, Sundergarh District, Eastern India. J Geochem Explor, 108: 39–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Feng G Y, Huang J, He F. 2009. The features and metallogenesis of the granites in the Yuechengling-Miaoershan area. Mine Res Geol, 23: 412–417Google Scholar
  8. Gao J F, Lu J J, Lai M Y, et al. 2003. Analysis of trace elements in rock samples using HR-ICPMS (in Chinese). J Nanjing Univ (Nat Sci Ed), 39: 844–850Google Scholar
  9. Griffin W L, Pearson N J, Belousova E, et al. 2000. The Hf isotope composition of cratonic mantle: LAM-MC-ICPMS analysis of zircon megacrysts in kimberlites. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 64: 133–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hua R M, Chen P R, Zhang W L, et al. 2005. Three major metallogenic events in Mesozoic in South China (in Chinese). Mineral Deposits, 24: 99–107Google Scholar
  11. Hua R M, Li G L, Zhang W L, et al. 2010. A tentative discussion on differences between large-scale tungsten and tin mineralizations in south China (in Chinese). Mineral Deposits, 29: 9–23Google Scholar
  12. Huang J Q, Chen T Y. 1986. On the problem of polycyclic mineralization of tungsten and tin deposit in South China (in Chinese). Geol Rev, 32: 138–143Google Scholar
  13. Jackson S E, Pearson N J, Griffin W L, et al. 2004. The application of laser ablation microprobe-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LAM-ICP-MS) to in situ U-Pb zircon geochronology. Chem Geol, 211: 47–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiang G X, Lu X P, Zhang H. 2010. Discussion of metallogenic enrichment regularity and type variety of Youmaling tungsten deposit in Xinganxian (in Chinese). Mine Res Geol, 24: 300–304Google Scholar
  15. Kang Z L, Wu W C, Zhu M Q. 1991. The tectono-geochemical characteristics of Xinzi fracture zone (in Chinese). Uranium Geol, 7: 137–145Google Scholar
  16. Li H Q, Liu J Q, Du G M, et al. 1992. The metallogenic geochronology of endogenic metal deposits-Taking Xihuashan tungsten deposit as an example, Chin Sci Bull, 37: 109–112Google Scholar
  17. Li P, Dai T M, Qiu C Y, et al. 1963. Absolute age of the pegmatites and granites of southern inner Mongolia and Naming region by K-Ar determinations (in Chinese). Sci Geol Sin, (1): 1–9Google Scholar
  18. Li W J, Liang J C, Feng Z H, et al. 2006. Judging for characterstics of geochemical and structural environment of several Caledonian granitoids in northeast Guangxi (in Chinese). Mine Res Geol, 20: 353–360Google Scholar
  19. Li X H, Li W X, Li Z X. 2007. Explore types and tectonic significance of early Yanshanian granite again. Chin Sci Bull, 52: 981–991Google Scholar
  20. Li X F, Feng Z H, Li R S, et al. 2009. Silurian Mo mineralization at Baishiding molybdenum deposit in northern Guangxi: Constraints from zircon SHRIMP U-Pb and molybdenite Re-Os ages (in Chinese). Mineral Deposits, 28: 403–412Google Scholar
  21. Liang H Y, Wu J, Sun W D, et al. 2011. The discussion of Indosinian mineralization (in Chinese). Acta Mineral Sin (Suppl), 31: 53–54Google Scholar
  22. Liang J C, Feng Z H, Zhang G L, et al. 2002. Oriented structures in Yuechengling granite pluton (in Chinese). Geol Mine Res South China, 3: 29–36Google Scholar
  23. Mao J W, Xie G Q, Guo C L, et al. 2007. Large-scale tungsten-tin mineralization in the Nanling region, South China: Metallogenic ages and corresponding geodynamic processes (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 23: 2329–2338Google Scholar
  24. Mao J W, Xie G Q, Guo C L, et al. 2008. Spatial-temporal distribution of Mesozoic ore deposits in South China and their metallogenic settings (in Chinese). Geol J China Univ, 14: 510–526Google Scholar
  25. McDonough W F, Sun S S. 1995. The composition of the Earth. Chem Geol, 120: 223–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Middlemost E A K. 1994. Naming materials in the magma/igneous rock system. Earth Sci Rev, 37: 215–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peng J T, Fu Y Z, Yuan S D, et al. 2006. Sm-Nd isotope dati ng of some Ca-bearing minerals in hydrothermal deposits (in Chinese). Geol Rev, 52: 662–667Google Scholar
  28. Qiao Y S, Wang F Y, Hou M S, et al. 2011. Geological character of Zhangjialong tungsten deposit, Hunan Province (in Chinese). Geol Mine Res South China, 27: 125–131Google Scholar
  29. Scherer E, Munker C, Mezger K. 2001. Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock. Science, 293: 683–687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shi S H, Hu R Z, Wen H J, et al. 2010. Geochronology of the Shazijiang uranium ore deposit, northern Guangxi, China: U-Pb ages of pitchblende and their geological significance (in Chinese). Acta Geol Sin, 84: 1175–1182Google Scholar
  31. Sun T. 2006. A new map showing the distribution of granites in South China and its explanatory notes (in Chinese). Geol Bull China, 25: 332–335Google Scholar
  32. Taylor S R, Mclennan S M. 1985. The Continental Crust: Its Composition and Evolution. Oxford: Blackwell. 312Google Scholar
  33. Wang D Z. 2004. The study of granitic rocks in south China: Looking back and forward (in Chinese). Geol J China Univ, 10: 305–314Google Scholar
  34. Wang J B, Tang H Y. 1986. Discussion on the geology and genesis of Niutangjie scheelite deposit in Guangxi (in Chinese). Geol Guangxi, 1: 11–18Google Scholar
  35. Wang Y L, Wang D H, Zhang C Q, et al. 2010. Molybdenite Re-Os isochron age of Debao Cu-Sn deposit in Guangxi and relation to Caledonian mineralization (in Chinese). Mineral Deposits, 29: 881–889Google Scholar
  36. Xu K Q, Sun N, Wang D Z, et al. 1984. Geology of granites and their metallogenetic relations (in Chinese). In: Xu K Q, Tu G C, eds. Geology of Granites and Their Metallogenetic Relations. Beijing: Science Press. 1–31Google Scholar
  37. Xu K Q, Sun N, Wang D Z, et al. 1963. Investigation on the polycyclic granite intrusions of southern China, with special notice on their ages of intrusions, distribution, characteristics, and their genetic relations to mineral deposits (in Chinese). Acta Geol Sin, 43: 141–155Google Scholar
  38. Xu P, Wu F Y, Xie L W, et al. 2004. Hf isotopic compositions of the standard zircons for U-Pb dating. Chin Sci Bull, 49: 1403–1410Google Scholar
  39. Xu X S, Griffin W L, Ma X, et al. 2009. The Taihua Group on the southern margin of the North China craton: Further insights from U-Pb ages and Hf isotope compositions of zircons. Mineral and Petrol, 97: 43–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yang F, Li X F, Feng Z H, et al. 2009. 40Ar/39Ar dating of muscovite from greisenized granite and geological significance in Limu tin deposit (in Chinese). J Guilin Univ Technol, 29: 21–24Google Scholar
  41. Yuan H L, Wu F Y, Gao S, et al. 2003. LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb dating and rear earth element analyses for China. Chin Sci Bull, 48: 1555–1520Google Scholar
  42. Zhang F R, Shu L S, Wang D Z, et al. 2009. Discussions on the tectonic setting of Caledonian granitoids in the eastern segment of South China (in Chinese). Earth Sci Front, 16: 248–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhang W L, Wang R C, Hua R M, et al. 2011. Zircon U-Pb dating confirms existence of a Caledonian scheelite-bearing aplitic vein in the Penggongmiao granite batholith, South Hunan. Chin Sci Bull, 56: 1448–1454Google Scholar
  44. Zhang X X. 1994. Discussion on the time of granite body at Niutangjie, Ziyuan County, Guangxi (in Chinese). Guangxi Geol, 7: 13–20Google Scholar
  45. Zhao Y M, Lin W W, Bi C S, et al. 1990. Skarn Deposits in China (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 347Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhen Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • RuCheng Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • WenLan Zhang
    • 1
  • ZhuYin Chu
    • 3
  • Jun Chen
    • 1
  • JinChu Zhu
    • 1
  • RongQing Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.China National Offshore Oil Corporation Shenzhen BranchShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations