A conodont-based Middle Triassic age assignment for the Luoping Biota of Yunnan, China

  • QiYue Zhang
  • ChangYong Zhou
  • Tao Lu
  • Tao Xie
  • XiongYing Lou
  • Wei Liu
  • YuanYuan Sun
  • JinYuan Huang
  • LaiShi ZhaoEmail author


The Luoping Biota consists of abundant and well-preserved marine fishes, reptiles, invertebrates, and plants. It occurs in the Middle Triassic Guanling Formation in Daaozi Village of Luoping County, Yunnan Province, China. Based on conodonts, the Luoping Biota is determined to lie within the Nicoraella kockeli Zone, which is assigned to the Pelsonian substage of the Anisian.


Luoping Biota Anisian Guanling Formation conodont 


  1. 1.
    Zhang Q Y, Zhou C Y, Lü T, et al. Discovery and significance of the Middle Triassic Anisian Biota from Luoping, Yunnan Province (in Chinese). Geol Rev, 2008, 54(4): 145–149Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yang S R, Wang X P, Hao W C. Early and Middle Triassic conodonts sequence in western Guangxi (in Chinese). Acta Scicent Natural Univ Pek, 1986, (4): 90–106Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nicora A. Conodonts from the Lower Triassic sequence of central Dolpo, Nepal. Riv Ital Paleont Strat, 1992, 97(3–4): 239–268Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Orchard M J. Taxonomy and correlation of Lower Triassic (Spathian) segminate conodonts from Oman and revision of some species of Neospathodus. J Paleont, 1995, 69: 110–122Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tatge U. Condonten aus dem germanischen Muschelkalk, Tei II. Palaontol Z, 1956, 30(3–4): 129–147Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koike T. Triassic Conodont Biostratigraphy in Kedah, West Malaysia. Geol Paleont Southeast Asia, 1982, 23: 9–51Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hao W C, Sun Y L, Jiang D Y, et al. Advance in studies of the Panxian Fauna (in Chinese). Acta Scient Natural Univ Pek, 2006, 42(6): 817–823Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sun Z Y, Hao W C, Jiang D Y. Conodont stratigraphic evidence for the age of the Guanling fauna, Guizhou Province, China (in Chinese). Acta Scient Natural Univ Pek, 2003, 39(1): 118–125Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang X F, Chen X H, Wang C S, et al. Feature of the Guanling biological group and scientific significance (in Chinese). Geol China, 2001, 28(2): 6–10Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang X F, Chen X H, Chen L D, et al. The Guanling Biota- A unique "Fossillagerstatte" in the world (in Chinese). Geol China, 2003, 30(1): 20–35Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang X F, Chen X H, Chen L D, et al. Study of the Guanling biota in Guizhou: Progress and problems (in Chinese). Geol Bull China, 2003, 22(4): 221–227Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhao L S, Orchard M J, Tong J N, et al. Lower Triassic conodont sequence in Chaohu, Anhui Province, China and its global correlation. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimat Palaeoecol, 2007, 252: 24–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang Z H. Discovery of Early Triassic Neospathodus timorensis Fauna in Ziyun of Guizhou (in Chinese). Acta Palaeont Sin, 1982, 21(5): 584–587Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang Z H, Cao Y Y. Early Triassic conodonts from Lichuan, Western Hubei (in Chinese). Acta Palaeont Sin, 1981, 20(4): 363–373Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang Z H, Zhong D. Triassic conodont biostratigraphy of different facies realms in eastern Yunnan, western Guizhou and northern Guangxi (in Chinese). J Stratigr, 1990, 14(1): 15–25Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Orchard M J, Tozer E T. Triassic conodont biochronology, its calibration with the ammonoid standard, and a biostratigraphic summary for the western Canada sedimentary basin. Bull Can Petrol Geol, 1997, 45: 675–692Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang C Y. Conodont of Lower Yangtze Valley (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press, 1993. 1–326Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhao L S, Tong J N, Orchard M J, et al. Lower Triassic conodont zonations of Chaohu Area, Anhui Province and their global correlation (in Chinese). Earth Sci-J China Univ Geosci, 2005, 30(5): 623–634Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang Z H, Dai J Y. Triassic conodonts from the Jiangyou-Beichuan Area, Sichuan Province (in Chinese). Acta Palaeot Sin, 1981, 20(2): 138–150Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hu S L, Li Y J, Dai Z P, et al. The Laser Mass-Spectrometer 40Ar-39Ar age of Green Pisolites of Guizhou Province (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 1996, 12(3): 409–415Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zou G F, Mao Q, Chen Y M, et al. A research into Triassic biostratigraphy of the Qomolongma area in Southern Xizang (Tibet) (in Chinese). Geol Rev, 2006, 52(3): 386–397Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xu G H, Niu Z J, Chen H M. Triassic cephalopods from the Zhuganpo and Xiaowa Formations in Guanling, Guizhou, with a discussion on the age of the Guanling biota (in Chinese). Reg Geol China, 2003, 22(4): 254–265Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • QiYue Zhang
    • 1
  • ChangYong Zhou
    • 1
  • Tao Lu
    • 1
  • Tao Xie
    • 1
  • XiongYing Lou
    • 1
  • Wei Liu
    • 1
  • YuanYuan Sun
    • 1
  • JinYuan Huang
    • 2
  • LaiShi Zhao
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Chengdu Intitute of Geology and Mineral ResourcesGeological Survey of ChinaChengduChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations