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Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 343–351 | Cite as

Using zebrafish as the model organism to understand organ regeneration

  • WenChao Shi
  • ZhiBing Fang
  • Li Li
  • LingFei LuoEmail author
Open Access
Review Special Topic: Model Animals and Their Applications

Abstract

The limited regenerative capacity of several organs, such as central nervous system (CNS), heart and limb in mammals makes related major diseases quite difficult to recover. Therefore, dissection of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying organ regeneration is of great scientific and clinical interests. Tremendous progression has already been made after extensive investigations using several model organisms for decades. Unfortunately, distance to the final achievement of the goal still remains. Recently, zebrafish became a popular model organism for the deep understanding of regeneration based on its powerful regenerative capacity, in particular the organs that are limitedly regenerated in mammals. Additionally, zebrafish are endowed with other advantages good for the study of organ regeneration. This review summarizes the recent progress in the study of zebrafish organ regeneration, in particular regeneration of fin, heart, CNS, and liver as the representatives. We also discuss reasons of the reduced regenerative capacity in higher vertebrate, the roles of inflammation during regeneration, and the difference between organogenesis and regeneration.

Keywords

organ regeneration zebrafish fin heart liver CNS 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development, Ministry of Education, Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, School of Life SciencesSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina

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