Skip to main content
Log in

Aggregation-induced emission: a coming-of-age ceremony at the age of eighteen

  • Invited Reviews
  • Published:
Science China Chemistry Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) has drawn great attention worldwide for its unique optical phenomenon and huge potential applications. Since coined by Ben Zhong Tang et al. in 2001, AIE has been deeply investigated and widely utilized in many important areas, such as organic light-emitting diode (OLED), sensor, and bio-imaging. Herein, we highlight some important progress of AIE in these eighteen years, including the exploration of internal mechanism and potential applications. Furthermore, some other interestingly emissive behaviors, originating but distinguishing from the AIE concept, are presented It is anticipated an overall understanding about AIE could be easily caught from this short review for scientists, no matter whether they are involved in this exciting and rising research area or not.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Mei J, Leung NLC, Kwok RTK, Lam JWY, Tang BZ. Chem Rev, 2015, 115: 11718–11940

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Li Q, Li Z. Adv Sci, 2017, 4: 1600484

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Hu R, Leung NLC, Tang BZ. Chem Soc Rev, 2014, 43: 4494–4562

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Zhao Z, Lam JWY, Tang BZ. J Mater Chem, 2012, 22: 23726–23740

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Feng G, Liu B. Acc Chem Res, 2018, 51: 1404–1414

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Gao M, Tang BZ. ACS Sens, 2017, 2: 1382–1399

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Shi J, Li Y, Li Q, Li Z. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10: 12278–12294

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Hang Y, Cai X, Wang J, Jiang T, Hua J, Liu B. Sci China Chem, 2018, 61: 898–908

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Yang P, Dong L, Li Y, Zhang L, Shi J, Zhi J, Tong B, Dong Y. Acta Polym Sin, 2017, 8: 1285–1293

    Google Scholar 

  10. Zhou Y, Liu H, Zhao N, Wang Z, Michael MZ, Xie N, Tang BZ, Tang Y. Sci China Chem, 2018, 61: 892–897

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Zhang Y, Kong L, Mao H, Pan X, Shi J, Tong B, Dong Y. Mater Chem Front, 2017, 1: 2569–2573

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Baysec S, Minotto A, Klein P, Poddi S, Zampetti A, Allard S, Cacialli F, Scherf U. Sci China Chem, 2018, 61: 932–939

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. He Z, Liu P, Zhang S, Yan J, Wang M, Cai Z, Wang J, Dong Y. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2019, 58: 3834–3837

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Förster T, Kasper K. Z für Physikalische Chem, 1954, 1: 275–277

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Birks JB. Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules. London: Wiley, 1970

    Google Scholar 

  16. Zhu M, Yang C. Chem Soc Rev, 2013, 42: 4963–4976

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Im Y, Byun SY, Kim JH, Lee DR, Oh CS, Yook KS, Lee JY. Adv Funct Mater, 2017, 27: 1603007

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Yang X, Xu X, Zhou G. J Mater Chem C, 2015, 3: 913–944

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Luo J, Xie Z, Lam JWY, Cheng L, Tang BZ, Chen H, Qiu C, Kwok HS, Zhan X, Liu Y, Zhu D. Chem Commun, 2001, 18: 1740–1741

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Zeng Q, Li Z, Dong Y, Di C, Qin A, Hong Y, Ji L, Zhu Z, Jim CKW, Yu G, Li Q, Li Z, Liu Y, Qin J, Tang BZ. Chem Commun, 2007, 80: 70–72

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Dong Y, Lam JWY, Qin A, Liu J, Li Z, Tang BZ, Sun J, Kwok HS. Appl Phys Lett, 2007, 91: 011111

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. He J, Xu B, Chen F, Xia H, Li K, Ye L, Tian W. J Phys Chem C, 2009, 113: 9892–9899

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Xie Z, Chen C, Xu S, Li J, Zhang Y, Liu S, Xu J, Chi Z. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54: 7181–7184

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Dong Y, Lam JWY, Qin A, Li Z, Sun J, Sung HHY, Williams ID, Tang BZ. Chem Commun, 2007, 127: 40–42

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Gong Y, Zhao L, Peng Q, Fan D, Yuan WZ, Zhang Y, Tang BZ. Chem Sci, 2015, 6: 4438–4444

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  26. Xie Y, Li Z. Chem, 2018, 4: 943–971

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Mukherjee S, Thilagar P. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2019, 58: 2–13

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Li Q, Tang Y, Hu W, Li Z. Small, 2018, 14: 1801560

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Dong YQ, Lam JWY, Tang BZ. J Phys Chem Lett, 2015, 6: 3429–3436

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Chen J, Law CCW, Lam JWY, Dong Y, Lo SMF, Williams ID, Zhu D, Tang BZ. Chem Mater, 2003, 15: 1535–1546

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  31. Li Z, Dong Y, Mi B, Tang Y, Häussler M, Tong H, Dong Y, Lam JWY, Ren Y, Sung HHY, Wong KS, Gao P, Williams ID, Kwok HS, Tang BZ. J Phys Chem B, 2005, 109: 10061–10066

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  32. Leung NLC, Xie N, Yuan W, Liu Y, Wu Q, Peng Q, Miao Q, Lam JWY, Tang BZ. Chem Eur J, 2014, 20: 15349–15353

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  33. Chatterjee T, Wong KT. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 7: 1800565

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. Wong MY, Zysman-Colman E. Adv Mater, 2017, 29: 1605444

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Guo J, Zhao Z, Tang BZ. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 6: 1800264

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. Yang J, Huang J, Li Q, Li Z. J Mater Chem C, 2016, 4: 2663–2684

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. Huang J, Sun N, Dong Y, Tang R, Lu P, Cai P, Li Q, Ma D, Qin J, Li Z. Adv Funct Mater, 2013, 23: 2329–2337

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. Huang J, Sun N, Yang J, Tang R, Li Q, Ma D, Li Z. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24: 7645–7654

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. Zhan X, Sun N, Wu Z, Tu J, Yuan L, Tang X, Xie Y, Peng Q, Dong Y, Li Q, Ma D, Li Z. Chem Mater, 2015, 27: 1847–1854

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  40. Yang J, Li L, Yu Y, Ren Z, Peng Q, Ye S, Li Q, Li Z. Mater Chem Front, 2017, 1: 91–99

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. Xu S, Liu T, Mu Y, Wang YF, Chi Z, Lo CC, Liu S, Zhang Y, Lien A, Xu J. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54: 874–878

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  42. Tsujimoto H, Ha DG, Markopoulos G, Chae HS, Baldo MA, Swager TM. J Am Chem Soc, 2017, 139: 4894–4900

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  43. Huang J, Nie H, Zeng J, Zhuang Z, Gan S, Cai Y, Guo J, Su SJ, Zhao Z, Tang BZ. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2017, 56: 12971–12976

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. Guo J, Li XL, Nie H, Luo W, Hu R, Qin A, Zhao Z, Su SJ, Tang BZ. Chem Mater, 2017, 29: 3623–3631

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  45. Yu L, Wu Z, Xie G, Zeng W, Ma D, Yang C. Chem Sci, 2018, 9: 1385–1391

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  46. Guo J, Li XL, Nie H, Luo W, Gan S, Hu S, Hu R, Qin A, Zhao Z, Su SJ, Tang BZ. Adv Funct Mater, 2017, 27: 1606458

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  47. Lou X, Ou D, Li Q, Li Z. Chem Commun, 2012, 48: 8462–8477

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  48. Ruan Z, Shan Y, Gong Y, Wang C, Ye F, Qiu Y, Liang Z, Li Z. J Mater Chem C, 2018, 6: 773–780

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  49. Ding S, Liu M, Hong Y. Sci China Chem, 2018, 61: 882–891

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  50. Song Y, Zong L, Zhang L, Li Z. Sci China Chem, 2017, 60: 1596–1601

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  51. Zhang Y, Li D, Li Y, Yu J. Chem Sci, 2014, 5: 2710–2716

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  52. Yang Z, Qin W, Lam JWY, Chen S, Sung HHY, Williams ID, Tang BZ. Chem Sci, 2013, 4: 3725–3730

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  53. Liu Y, Tang Y, Barashkov NN, Irgibaeva IS, Lam JWY, Hu R, Birimzhanova D, Yu Y, Tang BZ. J Am Chem Soc, 2010, 132: 13951–13953

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  54. Liu L, Zhang G, Xiang J, Zhang D, Zhu D. Org Lett, 2008, 10: 4581–4584

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  55. Li Z, Dong YQ, Lam JWY, Sun J, Qin A, Häußler M, Dong YP, Sung HHY, Williams ID, Kwok HS, Tang BZ. Adv Funct Mater, 2009, 19: 905–917

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  56. Xu X, Huang J, Li J, Yan J, Qin J, Li Z. Chem Commun, 2011, 47: 12385–12387

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  57. Xu X, Li J, Li Q, Huang J, Dong Y, Hong Y, Yan J, Qin J, Li Z, Tang BZ. Chem Eur J, 2012, 18: 7278–7286

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  58. Yu W, Guo B, Zhang H, Zhou J, Yu X, Zhu L, Xue D, Liu W, Sun X, Qian J. Sci Bull, 2019, 64: 410–416

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  59. Chen S, Hong Y, Liu Y, Liu J, Leung CWT, Li M, Kwok RTK, Zhao E, Lam JWY, Yu Y, Tang BZ. J Am Chem Soc, 2013, 135: 4926–4929

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  60. Li K, Zhu Z, Cai P, Liu R, Tomczak N, Ding D, Liu J, Qin W, Zhao Z, Hu Y, Chen X, Tang BZ, Liu B. Chem Mater, 2013, 25: 4181–4187

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  61. Qin W, Li K, Feng G, Li M, Yang Z, Liu B, Tang BZ. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24: 635–643

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  62. Chen H, Li MH. Chin J Polym Sci, 2019, 37: 352–371

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  63. Yu Y, Feng C, Hong Y, Liu J, Chen S, Ng KM, Luo KQ, Tang BZ. Adv Mater, 2011, 23: 3298–3302

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  64. Qin A, Tang BZ. Aggregation-Induced Emission: Applications. Singapore: Wiley, 2013

    Book  Google Scholar 

  65. Ding D, Mao D, Li K, Wang X, Qin W, Liu R, Chiam DS, Tomczak N, Yang Z, Tang BZ, Kong D, Liu B. ACS Nano, 2014, 8: 12620–12631

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  66. Zong L, Zhang H, Li Y, Gong Y, Li D, Wang J, Wang Z, Xie Y, Han M, Peng Q, Li X, Dong J, Qian J, Li Q, Li Z. ACS Nano, 2018, 12: 9532–9540

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  67. Galer P, Korošec RC, Vidmar M, Šket B. J Am Chem Soc, 2014, 136: 7383–7394

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  68. Yoshii R, Hirose A, Tanaka K, Chujo Y. J Am Chem Soc, 2014, 136: 18131–18139

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  69. Chen Z, Zhang J, Song M, Yin J, Yu GA, Liu SH. Chem Commun, 2015, 51: 326–329

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  70. Luo X, Li J, Li C, Heng L, Dong YQ, Liu Z, Bo Z, Tang BZ. Adv Mater, 2011, 23: 3261–3265

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  71. Shao X. Sci China Chem, 2018, 61: 975–976

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  72. Gong YY, Tan YQ, Li H, Zhang YR, Yuan WZ, Zhang YM, Sun JZ, Tang BZ. Sci China Chem, 2013, 56: 1183–1186

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  73. Bolton O, Lee K, Kim HJ, Lin KY, Kim J. Nat Chem, 2011, 3: 205–210

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  74. Yuan WZ, Shen XY, Zhao H, Lam JWY, Tang L, Lu P, Wang C, Liu Y, Wang Z, Zheng Q, Sun JZ, Ma Y, Tang BZ. J Phys Chem C, 2010, 114: 6090–6099

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  75. Fang M, Yang J, Xiang X, Xie Y, Dong Y, Peng Q, Li Q, Li Z. Mater Chem Front, 2018, 2: 2124–2129

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  76. Zink JI. Acc Chem Res, 1978, 11: 289–295

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  77. Jha P, Chandra BP. Luminescence, 2014, 29: 977–993

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  78. Wang C, Xu B, Li M, Chi Z, Xie Y, Li Q, Li Z. Mater Horiz, 2016, 3: 220–225

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  79. Yang J, Ren Z, Xie Z, Liu Y, Wang C, Xie Y, Peng Q, Xu B, Tian W, Zhang F, Chi Z, Li Q, Li Z. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2017, 56: 880–884

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  80. Yang J, Gao X, Xie Z, Gong Y, Fang M, Peng Q, Chi Z, Li Z. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2017, 56: 15299–15303

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  81. Yang J, Qin J, Geng P, Wang J, Fang M, Li Z. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2018, 57: 14174–14178

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  82. Wang J, Wang C, Gong Y, Liao Q, Han M, Jiang T, Dang Q, Li Y, Li Q, Li Z. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2018, 57: 16821–16826

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  83. Yang J, Zhen X, Wang B, Gao X, Ren Z, Wang J, Xie Y, Li J, Peng Q, Pu K, Li Z. Nat Commun, 2018, 9: 840

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  84. Li Z. Sci China Chem, 2017, 60: 1107–1108

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Starting Grants of Tianjin University and Tianjin Government.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Ben Zhong Tang or Zhen Li.

Additional information

Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yang, J., Chi, Z., Zhu, W. et al. Aggregation-induced emission: a coming-of-age ceremony at the age of eighteen. Sci. China Chem. 62, 1090–1098 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11426-019-9512-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11426-019-9512-x

Keywords

Navigation