Predicting teachers’ continuance in a virtual learning environment with psychological ownership and the TAM: a perspective from Malaysia

  • Joanne Sau-Ching YimEmail author
  • Priscilla Moses
  • Alia Azalea
Development Article


Psychological ownership (PO) is a sense of being psychologically tied to an object to the extent that it becomes part of the extended self. As technology becomes ubiquitous in daily lives, research have shown the potential of this concept to influence users’ behavior. Hence, this study incorporates PO and its antecedents with the beliefs of perceived ease of use (PEU) and perceived usefulness (PU) to predict teachers’ intention to continue using a cloud-based virtual learning environment (cVLE). A hypothesized model with direct and mediated relationships was tested with data obtained from 1068 practicing secondary school teachers using the cVLE. Results from structural equation modeling supported the model, which explained 56.3% of variance in continuance intention with sufficient predictive relevance (Stone–Geisser Q2 = 0.463). Results demonstrated that the tenets of PO hold true in the cVLE context, as a significant influence to PEU and PU, as well as a significant mediator in the hypothesized model. PEU was found to have a stronger effect than PU on continuance intention, implying its importance despite teachers having gained experience in using it and the cVLE considered as user-friendly.


Continuance intention Psychological ownership Perceived ease of use Perceived usefulness Cloud-based virtual learning environment 



This research is funded by Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Research Fund (UTARRF) Grant Number 6200/P23.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Social ScienceUniversiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kampar CampusKamparMalaysia
  2. 2.Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Perak Branch CampusKamparMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Creative IndustriesUniversiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Sungai Long CampusKajangMalaysia

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