Enhancing language learning through creation: the effect of digital storytelling on student learning motivation and performance in a school English course

  • Kuo-Ping Liu
  • Shu-Ju Diana TaiEmail author
  • Chen-Chung Liu
Development Article


This study explored how a free-space digital storytelling approach that advocates autonomy and creativity can be implemented in a formal elementary classroom and how it impacts students’ language learning motivation and performances. Participants of the study were 64 sixth grade students in Taiwan. Following an experimental design, the data collected from three data sources, including motivation surveys, achievement test scores, and digital stories, were analyzed and triangulated. Two performance indicators of the digital storytelling, levels of language usage and levels of creativity, were found to have significant but different impacts on language learning. While the students’ language usage performance in digital storytelling was significantly related to their achievement test scores, their creativity performance were significantly related to multiple motivation components, including extrinsic motivation, task value and elaboration. It was also found that the proposed digital storytelling approach had a positive impact on students’ language performance and contributed to an increase to students’ motivation in two dimensions: extrinsic goal orientation and elaboration, rather than intrinsic goal orientation. The results suggest that the positive impact of the proposed storytelling pedagogy resides in allowing students to stretch their creativity while demonstrating their language productivity, with the leverage of a holistic assessment scheme.


Digital storytelling Creation Motivation Pedagogy 



This study was funded by Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (TW) (Grant Number 106-2511-S-008 -002 -MY3).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Network Learning TechnologyNational Central UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  2. 2.School of International EducationBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina

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