Educational Technology Research and Development

, Volume 64, Issue 4, pp 643–659

Digital devices and teaching the whole student: developing and validating an instrument to measure educators’ attitudes and beliefs

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11423-016-9441-x

Cite this article as:
Cho, V. & Littenberg-Tobias, J. Education Tech Research Dev (2016) 64: 643. doi:10.1007/s11423-016-9441-x


Even as digital devices (e.g., tablets, smart phones, laptops) have become increasingly ubiquitous in schools, concerns have also been raised that such devices might hinder students’ social, emotional, and personal development. Educators’ perspectives on such matters could shape the success or failure of 1:1 technology initiatives. Thus, there is a need for a way to measure educators’ attitudes and beliefs toward the potential impact of digital devices on educating the whole student. This paper describes the development of the Digital Devices and Educating the Whole Student instrument and the results from a pilot study of 59 educators. The results suggested three potential domains of teacher attitudes toward the impact of devices on students; holistic learning outcomes, classroom learning processes, and concerns about digital distraction. Overall, the survey instrument demonstrated reliability and validity suggesting that the survey instrument may be a useful tool for school technology researchers and practitioners alike.


Whole student One-to-one Instrument development Teacher beliefs 

Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lynch School of EducationBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA
  2. 2.Center for Collaborative EducationBostonUSA

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