This design-based research study is aimed at two goals: (1) developing a feasible case-based instructional model that could enhance college students’ ill-structured problem solving abilities, while (2) implementing the model to improve teacher education students’ real-world problem solving abilities to deal with dilemmas faced by practicing teachers in elementary classrooms. To achieve these goals, an online case-based learning environment for classroom management problem solving (CBL-CMPS) was developed based on Jonassen’s (in: Reigeluth (ed.) Instructional-Design Theories and Models: A New Paradigm of Instructional Theory, 1999) constructivist learning environment model and the general process of ill-structured problem solving (1997). Two successive studies, in which the effectiveness of the CBL-CMPS was tested while the CBL-CMPS was revised, showed that the individual components of the CBL-CMPS promoted ill-structured problem solving abilities respectively, and that the CBL-CMPS as a whole learning environment was effective to a degree for the transfer of learning in ill-structured problem solving. The potential, challenge, and implications of the CBL-CMPS are discussed.
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Part of this study was supported by a Learning Technologies Grant offered by the Office of Instructional Support and Development (OISD) at The University of Georgia. The authors wish to thank Yi-Chun Hong and Jungsoon Choi for their assistance in data analysis. The assistance of Saif Altalib, Yun-Shuang Chang, Christa Harrelson, Ron Braxley, Vincent Argentina, and David Millians on the development of the CBL-CMPS system and the audio cases is gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks are extended to Drs. Janette Hill, Seock-Ho Kim, and Thomas Reeves for their thoughtful feedback on an earlier version of this paper.
An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association in Chicago, IL (April, 2007).
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Choi, I., Lee, K. Designing and implementing a case-based learning environment for enhancing ill-structured problem solving: classroom management problems for prospective teachers. Education Tech Research Dev 57, 99–129 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-008-9089-2
- Case-based learning
- Constructivist learning environment design
- Design-based research
- Ill-structured problem solving
- Teacher education
- Classroom management