This article offers principles that contribute to developing the aesthetics of instructional design. Rather than describing merely the surface qualities of things and events, the concept of aesthetics as applied here pertains to heightened, integral experience. Aesthetic experiences are those that are immersive, infused with meaning, and felt as coherent and complete. Any transformative learning experience will have significant aesthetic qualities, and all instructional situations can benefit from attention to these qualities. Drawn from aesthetics theory and research and informed by current ID and learning theories, a set of five first principles and twelve guidelines for their application are described. The principles are not only compatible with existing ID theory bases but can complement and support that theory by offering ways to embody it in engaging learning experiences.
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The author would like to thank Dr. Brent Wilson, the IDEAL Research Lab at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, and the editors and reviewers of ETR&D for their many constructive criticisms and for making the writing of this article a truly aesthetic experience.
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Parrish, P.E. Aesthetic principles for instructional design. Education Tech Research Dev 57, 511–528 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-007-9060-7
- Instructional design
- Learning experience
- Principles of instruction