HSS Journal

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 117–122 | Cite as

One- Versus Two-Incision Technique for Distal Biceps Tendon Repair

  • Timothy S. Johnson
  • David C. Johnson
  • Michael K. Shindle
  • Answorth A. Allen
  • Andrew J. Weiland
  • John Cavanaugh
  • Dennis Noonan
  • Stephen Lyman
Original Article


There are several techniques that have been described for distal biceps tendon repair but there is still controversy regarding the optimal technique. Our hypothesis is that the single-incision technique will have a similar complication rate and functionally equivalent restoration of function compared with the two-incision approach. A retrospective review of consecutive biceps tendon repairs was performed at one institution over a 5-year period. Thirty-six patients met the inclusion criteria and 26 were available for follow-up including subjective assessment, physical examination, and strength testing. Patients were divided into two groups based on the surgical approach utilized: 12 patients underwent single-incision repair and 14 had a two-incision repair. The average follow-up was 33 months (minimum 13; maximum 75). There were no statistically significant differences in regards to flexion strength or endurance, supination strength or endurance, or complication rates between the two techniques. In conclusion, both surgical techniques led to adequate restoration of strength with a low complication rate. Both techniques are safe to perform and should be guided by surgeon comfort with the approach.


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Copyright information

© Hospital for Special Surgery 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy S. Johnson
    • 1
    • 2
  • David C. Johnson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael K. Shindle
    • 1
  • Answorth A. Allen
    • 1
  • Andrew J. Weiland
    • 1
  • John Cavanaugh
    • 3
  • Dennis Noonan
    • 4
  • Stephen Lyman
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.The National Sports Medicine InstituteLansdowneUSA
  3. 3.Sports Medicine ServiceHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Rehabilitation (ATC, LMT, CEAS I)Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Epidemiology and Biostatistics DepartmentHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA

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