The Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled Moves East on 42nd Street 1912 to 1925

Abstract

In 1912, the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled (R & C) moved to its third location since its founding in 1863. It was a newly constructed six-story building on 42nd Street between Second Avenue and First Avenue. At the time Dr. Virgil Gibney, the second Surgeon-in-Chief, was 65 years of age and had already served 25 years in that position. The building housed a New York City public school since the length of stay of the children, many afflicted with tuberculosis and poliomyelitis, might be over 1–2 years. The large number of immigrants in the city led to very challenging social conditions that saw changes made in the first two decades of the twentieth century. When this country entered World War I in 1917, the physician staff was significantly affected as many volunteered for military service. Soldiers, sailors, and marines were treated at R & C, and military physicians were educated in orthopedics and hernia care on the wards and in the outpatient department. Because of declining health in 1924, Dr. Gibney retired and was replaced as Surgeon-in-Chief by his long-term friend and colleague, Dr. William B. Coley in January 1925.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    About $6.3 million in 2006.

  2. 2.

    Beaux-Arts Classicism originated at the famous Parisian school, École des Beaux–Arts, where many young architects from the USA studied. Favored materials included light-colored stone and brick, particularly marble, limestone and granite, lightening the color of the city from drab brownstones.

  3. 3.

    President Teddy Roosevelt often attached the name muckraker to journalists who seemed to expose the moral filth of life in this country. The term was originally used in the seventeenth century novel Pilgrim’s Progress.

  4. 4.

    About $440 billion in 2006.

  5. 5.

    About $600,000 in 2006.

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Correspondence to D. B. Levine MD.

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Levine, D.B. The Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled Moves East on 42nd Street 1912 to 1925. HSS Jrnl 3, 131–136 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11420-007-9051-6

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Key words

  • Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled (R & C)
  • Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS)
  • Virgil P. Gibney
  • Royal Whitman
  • James Knight
  • York and Sawyer
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • John P. Mitchell
  • Joseph Flick
  • Lewis Clark Wagner
  • William B. Coley