What is the Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Abstract

MRI has been shown to be an extremely effective instrument in the management of painful hip arthroplasty. Its superior soft tissue contrast and direct multiplanar acquisition compared to computerized tomography (CT) and radiographs allows for reproducible visualization of periacetabular osteolysis, demonstrating compression of neurovascular bundles by extracapsular synovial deposits. In addition, MRI can often elucidate etiology of neuropathy in the perioperative period and is further helpful in evaluating the soft tissue envelope, including the attachment of the hip abductors, short external rotators and iliopsoas tendon. A further advantage of MRI over CT is its lack of ionizing radiation. Most importantly, MRI can disclose intracapsular synovial deposits that precede osteoclastic resorption of bone.

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Correspondence to Hollis G. Potter MD.

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Potter, H.G., Foo, L.F. & Nestor, B.J. What is the Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Total Hip Arthroplasty?. HSS Jrnl 1, 89–93 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11420-005-0112-4

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Key words

  • MRI
  • osteolysis
  • neuropathy
  • hip arthroplasty