Life events have been shown to be associated with health and illness.
We studied the number of life events experienced by hip fracture patients, nonfracture rheumatology patients, and community-dwelling asymptomatic residents in the year before interview. Fifty-four hip fracture patients, 63 ambulatory patients, and 115 community-dwelling residents participated in the study. All were older than 65 years. Descriptive statistics and nonparametric analyses were performed.
The number of events reported in the previous 12months was higher for hipfracture patients than for community participants (p = 0.02). At least one bereavement was reported by 32% of hipfracture patients, 27% of ambulatory patients, and 26% of community dwellers (p = 0.8). Ten percent of all respondents reported experiencing more than one bereavement.
This has important consequences when considering the care of these patients and the mental distress they may be experiencing, especially in the aftermath of local disasters or trauma. Medications may not always be the best treatment, and better psychosocial assessments and delivery systems are needed.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
AA Alonzo (2000) ArticleTitleThe experience of chronic illness and post-traumatic stress disorder: the consequences of cumulative adversity Soc Sci Med 50 1475–1484 Occurrence Handle10.1016/S0277-9536(99)00399-8 Occurrence Handle10741582
P Burke M Elliott R Fleissner (1999) ArticleTitleIrritable bowel syndrome and recurrent abdominal pain. A comparative review Psychosomatics 40 277–285 Occurrence Handle10402871
M Hermann J Schilmerich RH Straub (2000) ArticleTitleStress and rheumatic diseases Rheum Dis Clin North Am 26 737–763 Occurrence Handle11084942
AJ Zautra NA Hamilton P Potter B Smith (1999) ArticleTitleField research on the relationship between stress and disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis Ann N Y Acad Sci 876 397–412 Occurrence Handle10415635
CD Sherbourne LS Meredith W Rogers JE Ware SuffixJr (1992) ArticleTitleSocial support and stressful life events: age differences in their effects on health-related quality of life among the chronically ill Qual Life Res 1 235–246 Occurrence Handle10.1007/BF00435632 Occurrence Handle1299454
MGE Peterson JP Allegrante A Augurt L Robbins CR MacKenzie CN Cornell (2000) ArticleTitleMajor life events as antecedents to hip fracture J Trauma 48 1096–1100 Occurrence Handle10866257
TH Holmes RH Rahe (1967) ArticleTitleThe social readjustment rating scale J Psychosom Res 11 213–218 Occurrence Handle10.1016/0022-3999(67)90010-4 Occurrence Handle6059863
IG Sarason JH Johnson JM Siegel (1978) ArticleTitleAssessing the impact of life changes: development of the life experiences survey J Consult Clin Psychol 46 932–946 Occurrence Handle10.1037//0022-006X.46.5.932 Occurrence Handle701572
AD Kanner JC Coyne C Schaefer RS Lazarus (1981) ArticleTitleComparison of two modes of stress measurement: daily hassles and uplifts versus life events J Behav Med 4 1–39 Occurrence Handle10.1007/BF00844845 Occurrence Handle7288876
MU Shalowitz CA Berry KA Rasinski CA Dannhausen-Brun (1998) ArticleTitleA new measure of contemporary life stress: development, validation, and reliability of the CRISYS Health Serv Res 33 1381–1402 Occurrence Handle9865225
SA Murrell FH Norris C Grote (1988) Life events in older adults LH Cohen (Eds) Life events and psychological functioning: theoretical and methodological issues Sage Thousand Oaks, CA 96–122
PA Lichtenberg MW Skehan CH Swensen (1984) ArticleTitleThe role of personality, recent life stress and arthritic severity in predicting pain J Psychosom Res 28 231–236 Occurrence Handle10.1016/0022-3999(84)90024-2 Occurrence Handle6545361
LH Cohen (1988) Measurement of life events LH Cohen (Eds) Life events and psychological functioning: theoretical and methodological issues Sage Thousand Oaks, CA 11–30
GA Barbosa (2000) ArticleTitleThe association of life events to gestational age at delivery among low-income, urban, African American women J Perinatol 20 438–442 Occurrence Handle10.1038/sj.jp.7200423 Occurrence Handle11076328
SL Martin JM Griffin LL Kupper R Petersen M Beck-Warden PA Buescher (2001) ArticleTitleStressful life events and physical abuse among pregnant women in North Carolina Matern Child Health J 5 145–152 Occurrence Handle10.1023/A:1011339716244 Occurrence Handle11605719
RR Aparasu JR Mort H Brandt (2003) ArticleTitlePsychotropic prescription use by community-dwelling elderly in the United States J Am Geriatr Soc 51 671–677 Occurrence Handle10.1034/j.1600-0579.2003.00212.x Occurrence Handle12752843
JS Harman S Crystal J Walkup M Olfson (2003) ArticleTitleTrends in elderly patients’ office visits for the treatment of depression according to physician specialty: 1985–1999 J Behav Health Serv Res 30 332–341 Occurrence Handle12875100
KM Mehta K Yaffe KE Covinsky (2002) ArticleTitleCognitive impairment, depressive symptoms, and functional decline in older people J Am Geriatr Soc 50 1045–1050 Occurrence Handle10.1046/j.1532-5415.2002.50259.x Occurrence Handle12110064
KM Mehta K Yaffe KM Langa L Sands MA Whooley KE Covinsky (2003) ArticleTitleAdditive effects of cognitive function and depressive symptoms on mortality in elderly community-living adults J Gerontol Med Sci 58 M461–M467
J Bond B Gregson M Smith N Rousseau J Lecouterier H Rodgers (1998) ArticleTitleOutcomes following acute hospital care for stroke or hip fracture: how useful is an assessment of anxiety or depression for older people? Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 13 601–610 Occurrence Handle10.1002/(SICI)1099-1166(199809)13:9<601::AID-GPS827>3.0.CO;2-B Occurrence Handle9777424
L Forsen HE Meyer AJ Sogaard S Naess B Schei TH Edna (1999) ArticleTitleMental distress and risk of hip fracture. Do broken hearts lead to broken bones? J Epidemiol Community Health 53 343–347 Occurrence Handle10396480
ME Lunghi P Miller WM McQuillan (1978) ArticleTitlePsycho-social factors in osteoarthritis of the hip J Psychosom Res 22 57–63 Occurrence Handle10.1016/0022-3999(78)90091-0 Occurrence Handle625038
B Liu G Anderson N Mittmann T To T Axcell N Shear (1998) ArticleTitleUse of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors of tricyclic antidepressants and risk of hip fractures in elderly people Lancet 351 1303–1307 Occurrence Handle10.1016/S0140-6736(97)09528-7 Occurrence Handle9643791
SA Murrell FH Norris GL Hutchins (1984) ArticleTitleDistribution and desirability of life events in older adults: population and policy imputations J Commun Psychol 12 301–311
This study was supported in part by NIAMS 2P60 AR38520-06-10 from the Multipurpose Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases Center Program, National Institute on Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health. Wethank Antonia Augurt, Denise Loye, RN, G. Westrich, MD, and J. Lyden, MD, for their help with data collection. This investigation wasconducted in a facility constructed with support from Research Facilities Improvement grant C06-RR12538-01 from the National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health.
None of the authors have any financial interests involved in this work
About this article
Cite this article
Peterson, M.G.E., Allegrante, J.P., MacKenzie, C.R. et al. Prevalence of Major Life Events Among Patients and Community Dwellers. HSS Jrnl 1, 52–57 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11420-005-0110-6
- life events
- hip fracture
- health status