Advertisement

Forensic Toxicology

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 542–544 | Cite as

Murders with VX: Aum Shinrikyo in Japan and the assassination of Kim Jong-Nam in Malaysia

Letter to the Editor

References

  1. 1.
    Sidell FR, Borak J (1992) Chemical warfare agents: II. nerve agents. Ann Emerg Med 21:865–871CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nozaki H, Aikawa N, Fujishima S, Suzuki M, Shinozawa Y, Hori S, Nogawa S (1995) A case of VX poisoning and the difference from sarin. Lancet 346:698–699CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tu AT (2017) Chemical and biological weapons and terrorism. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, p 183Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ivarsson U, Nilson H, Santesson J (eds) (1992) A FOA briefing book on chemical weapons: threats effects and protection. Swedish National Defense Research Institute, SundbybergGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tu AT (2002) Chemical terrorism: horror in Tokyo subway and Matsumoto city. Alaken Inc., Ft. Collins, p 240Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Inoue N (1995) Opinion of VX submitted to Japanese police. A & C Black, London, p 18Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Inoue N, Hirata M (1995) General property and toxicity of VX (in Japanese). Fukuoka Acta Medica 86:405–410Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tsuchihashi H, Katagi M, Tatsuno M, Nishhikawa M, Miki A (2000) Determination of metabolites of nerve agent O-ethhyl-S-2-diidopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonothiolate(VX). ACS Symposium Series 745:369–386.  https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2000-0745.ch024 Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Subramaniam R (2017) Briefing on VX and chemist report. Centre for analysis of chemical weapon agents, Department of Chemistry Malaysia. Date of publication: October, 2017Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shah bin Mahmood M (2017) Post-mortem examination report for the case of Kim Chol. Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Malaysia. Date of publication: 15th February, 2017Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Association of Forensic Toxicology and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hiroshima Detention CenterHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular, BiologyColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  3. 3.San MateoUSA

Personalised recommendations