Forensic Toxicology

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 404–414 | Cite as

Identification and characterization of the new psychoactive substance 3-fluoroethamphetamine in seized material

  • Ángela Yanini
  • Sergio Armenta
  • Francesc A. Esteve-Turrillas
  • Nieves Galipienso
  • Miguel de la Guardia
Original Article



An amphetamine-type new psychoactive substance was identified in a fine white yellowish powder from a seizure control held in Spain in July 2017.


Seized sample was deeply characterized by standard and high-performance analytical techniques like attenuated total reflectance-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography–electron ionization–mass spectrometry, high-resolution mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and ion mobility spectrometry.


The seized sample was identified as 3-fluoroethamphetamine hydrochloride. To our knowledge this is the first report dealing with identification and characterization of 3-fluoroethamphetamine.


Characterization data were compiled in order to provide the scientific community with sufficient information to allow a quick and accurate determination of 3-fluoroethamphetamine in future seizures.


3-Fluoroethamphetamine New psychoactive substance Full characterization Seizure sample ATR–FTIR NMR spectroscopy 



Authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (CTQ-2014-52841-P). We also acknowledge the technical support from M. Sales Galletero and Isabel Solana from the SCSIE of the University of Valencia.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no financial or other relations that could lead to a conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

11419_2018_416_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (188 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 158 kb)


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Copyright information

© Japanese Association of Forensic Toxicology and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ángela Yanini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sergio Armenta
    • 1
  • Francesc A. Esteve-Turrillas
    • 1
  • Nieves Galipienso
    • 2
  • Miguel de la Guardia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Analytical ChemistryUniversity of ValenciaBurjassotSpain
  2. 2.Unidad de Inspección de Farmacia y Control de Drogas del Área de Sanidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

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