We identified two new-type cannabimimetic quinolinyl carboxylates, quinolin-8-yl 1-pentyl-(1H-indole)-3-carboxylate (QUPIC, 1) and quinolin-8-yl 1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (QUCHIC, 2); and two new cannabimimetic carboxamide derivatives, N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-FUBINACA, 3) and N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (ADBICA, 4), as designer drugs in illegal products. Compound 3 was reported to have a potent affinity for cannabinoid CB1 receptor by Pfizer in 2009, but this is the first report of its detection in illegal products. No chemical or pharmacological data for compounds 1, 2, and 4 have appeared until now, making this the first report on these compounds. We also detected synthetic cannabinoids, APICA N-(5-fluoropentyl) analog (5), APINACA N-(5-fluoropentyl) analog (6), UR-144 N-(5-chloropentyl) analog (7), JWH-122 N-(5-chloropentyl) analog (8), and AM-2201 4-methoxynaphthyl analog (4-MeO-AM-2201, 9) herein as newly distributed designer drugs in Japan. It is of interest that compounds 1 and 2 were detected with their synthetic component, 8-quinolinol (10). A stimulant thiophene analog, α-pyrrolidinovalerothiophenone (α-PVT, 11), and an opioid receptor agonist, 3,4-dichloro-N-([1-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]methyl)benzamide (AH-7921, 12), were also detected as new types of designer drugs coexisting with several synthetic cannabinoids and cathinone derivatives in illegal products.
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Part of this work was supported by a Health and Labour Sciences Research Grant from the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Japan.
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Uchiyama, N., Matsuda, S., Kawamura, M. et al. Two new-type cannabimimetic quinolinyl carboxylates, QUPIC and QUCHIC, two new cannabimimetic carboxamide derivatives, ADB-FUBINACA and ADBICA, and five synthetic cannabinoids detected with a thiophene derivative α-PVT and an opioid receptor agonist AH-7921 identified in illegal products. Forensic Toxicol 31, 223–240 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11419-013-0182-9
- Quinolin-8-yl 1-pentyl-(1H-indole)-3-carboxylate (QUPIC)
- Quinolin-8-yl 1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (QUCHIC)
- N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-FUBINACA)
- N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (ADBICA)
- Synthetic cannabinoids
- α-Pyrrolidinovalerothiophenone (α-PVT)