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Journal of Natural Medicines

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 586–603 | Cite as

Evaluation of the neuroprotective effect of chrysin via modulation of endogenous biomarkers in a rat model of spinal cord injury

  • Amit D. Kandhare
  • V. Shivakumar
  • Anuchandra Rajmane
  • Pinaki Ghosh
  • Subhash L. BodhankarEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the neuroprotective efficacy of chrysin in an experimental rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI). SCI was induced in male Sprague–Dawley rats by placing an aneurysm clip extradurally for 60 s at T10. The rats received treatment with either vehicle (SCI control) or chrysin (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg, p.o.) for 28 days. The various behavioral, biochemical and molecular parameters were determined. Chronic treatment with chrysin (20 and 40 mg/kg) significantly and dose-dependently (P < 0.05) attenuated the decrease in body weight, urine output, footprint analysis, sperm count and organ weight (testis, seminal vesicle and urinary bladder). It significantly improved (P < 0.05) the nociceptive threshold, motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity. The decreased activity of superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione and membrane-bound inorganic phosphate were significantly (P < 0.05) restored by chrysin treatment. SCI resulted in a significant increase (P < 0.05) in lipid peroxidase, nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1β, and bax whereas expression of bcl-2 and caspase-3 were significantly (P < 0.05) reduced. These changes were significantly reduced by treatment with chrysin (20 and 40 mg/kg, P < 0.05). Histological aberration induced after SCI in spinal cord, testis, kidney and urinary bladder were restored by treatment with chrysin (20 and 40 mg/kg). In conclusion, chrysin is a potential flavone-possessing antioxidant and its antiapoptotic property caused the subsequent recovery of both motor and sensory functions via modulation of endogenous biomarkers and neuronal apoptosis to inhibit the incidence of neurological deficits due to SCI.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

bax bcl-2 Caspase Chrysin Interleukin-1β Neuroprotective Spinal cord injury Tumor necrosis factor-α 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like acknowledge Dr. SS Kadam, Vice-Chancellor and Dr. KR Mahadik, Principal, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, India, for providing necessary facilities to carry out the study. We are also thankful to the All India Council of Technical and Education (AICTE), India for financial support by awarding GATE Scholarship to one of the authors, Mr. AD Kandhare for the research work.

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest between any of the authors.

Supplementary material

11418_2014_840_MOESM1_ESM.docx (32 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 32 kb)
11418_2014_840_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (167 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 167 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amit D. Kandhare
    • 1
  • V. Shivakumar
    • 1
  • Anuchandra Rajmane
    • 1
  • Pinaki Ghosh
    • 1
  • Subhash L. Bodhankar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, Poona College of PharmacyBharati Vidyapeeth Deemed UniversityPuneIndia

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