The composition of the essential oils of the leaves and flowers of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) A. Gray, Mexican sunflower, are reported. The oils were obtained by hydrodistillation in an all-glass Clevenger-type apparatus and analyzed by GC–MS. The leaf oil was comprised of an abundance of α-pinene (32.9%), β-caryophyllene (20.8%), germacrene D (12.6%), β-pinene (10.9%) and 1, 8-cineole (9.1%). Germacrene D (20.3%), β-caryophyllene (20.1%) and bicyclogermacrene (8.0%) characterized the oil of the flower. A number of aliphatic fatty acids and a diterpenoid compound, sandaracopimaradiene, that were present in the flower, could not be detected in the leaf oil.
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Moronkola, D.O., Ogunwande, I.A., Walker, T.M. et al. Identification of the main volatile compounds in the leaf and flower of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) Gray. J Nat Med 61, 63–66 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11418-006-0019-5
- Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) A. Gray
- Volatile oil
- Germacrene D