Asian Journal of Criminology

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 41–59 | Cite as

The Generalizability of Police Legitimacy: Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and Speeding Intention of South Korean Drivers

  • Yeon Soo Kim
  • Kwang Hyun RaEmail author
  • Kyle McLean


Empirical support for procedural justice theory in criminology is robust in the developed Western countries, whereas the results are mixed for non-Western or less-developed countries. Some scholars (e.g., Reisig et al. Journal of Criminal Justice and Security, 14(2), 147–164, 2012) argue that the generalizability of procedural justice theory may be limited to particular sociological settings, such as democratic and industrialized societies. The current study aims to review the international generalizability of the theory and to test the theory utilizing a South Korean driver sample. The results show that procedural fairness predicted legitimacy and speeding intention. However, perceived legitimacy does not mediate the association between perceived procedural fairness and speeding intention for Korean drivers. Considering the findings from the current study and previous studies, it seems that industrialization may not be a sufficient condition linking perceived legitimacy and compliance, but democracy may be the most significant precursor for the theory to work.


Procedural justice Police legitimacy Speeding intention South Korean drivers Perception of police 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Yeon Soo Kim declares that he has no conflict of interest. Kwang Hyun Ra declares that he has no conflict of interest. Kyle McLean declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Transdisciplinary Policing ScienceDongguk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Institute of Transdisciplinary Studies for the FutureDongguk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.College of Criminology and Criminal JusticeFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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