An Initial Assessment of Leon County Florida’s Pre-Arrest Adult Civil Citation Program

  • Albert M. KopakEmail author


Momentum is building behind law enforcement-assisted diversion programs. Some of these programs have been designed specifically for drug-involved offenders, while others focus on adults who have no prior involvement in the criminal justice system. The Leon County Pre-Arrest Diversion program, which has been operating since March 2013, offers first-time arrestees the opportunity to participate in an alternative to arrest-as-usual. Successful completion of the program results in avoidance of a formal criminal arrest record. This paper provides an initial assessment of participants involved in the program during the first 3 years of operation. Results indicate male participants, those who submitted a positive drug test at program initiation, and those who presented significantly greater behavioral health needs were more likely to fail to complete the program and become rearrested. These findings are discussed with regard to practices among pre-arrest diversion programs.


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© National Council for Behavioral Health 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Criminology and Criminal JusticeWestern Carolina UniversityCullowheeUSA

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