Correlates of Motivational Interviewing Use Among Substance Use Treatment Programs Serving American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • Daniel Dickerson
  • Laurie A. Moore
  • Traci Rieckmann
  • Calvin D. Croy
  • Kamilla Venner
  • Jacquelene Moghaddam
  • Rebekah Gueco
  • Douglas K. Novins

DOI: 10.1007/s11414-016-9549-0

Cite this article as:
Dickerson, D., Moore, L.A., Rieckmann, T. et al. J Behav Health Serv Res (2017). doi:10.1007/s11414-016-9549-0


Motivational interviewing (MI) offers a treatment modality that can help meet the treatment needs of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) with substance use disorders. This report presents results from a national survey of 192 AI/AN substance abuse treatment programs with regard to their use of MI and factors related to its implementation, including program characteristics, workforce issues, clinician perceptions of MI, and how clinicians learned about MI. Sixty-six percent of programs reported having implemented the use of MI in their programs. In the final logistic regression model, the odds of implementing MI were significantly higher when programs were tribally owned (OR = 2.946; CI95 1.014, 8.564), where more than 50% of staff were Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselors (CADCs) (OR = 5.469; CI95 1.330, 22.487), and in programs in which the survey respondent perceived that MI fit well with their staff’s expertise and training (OR = 3.321; CI95 1.287, 8.569).

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • R01-DA022239
  • NIDA R01 DA022239-04S
  • K23DA021225-03
  • R25 DA035692

Copyright information

© National Council for Behavioral Health 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, David Geffen School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native HealthUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical CampusAuroraUSA
  3. 3.Oregon Health and Science University-Portland State University School of Public HealthPortlandUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychology and Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and AddictionUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Gambling Studies ProgramUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  6. 6.Clinical Psychology Program, California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International UniversityLos AngelesUSA

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