Predicting Positive Education Outcomes for Emerging Adults in Mental Health Systems of Care
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Emerging adults who receive services based on positive youth development models have shown an ability to shape their own life course to achieve positive goals. This paper reports secondary data analysis from the Longitudinal Child and Family Outcome Study including 248 culturally diverse youth ages 17 through 22 receiving mental health services in systems of care. After 12 months of services, school performance was positively related to youth ratings of school functioning and service participation and satisfaction. Regression analysis revealed ratings of young peoples’ perceptions of school functioning, and their experience in services added to the significant prediction of satisfactory school performance, even controlling for sex and attendance. Finally, in addition to expected predictors, participation in planning their own services significantly predicted enrollment in higher education for those who finished high school. Findings suggest that programs and practices based on positive youth development approaches can improve educational outcomes for emerging adults.
KeywordsYoung People School Performance School Attendance Service Experience Special Education Service
This research was supported through the Research and Training Center for Pathways to Positive Futures by the National Institute of Disability and Rehabilitation Research, United States Department of Education, and the Center for Mental Health Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, United States Department of Health and Human Services (NIDRR grants H133B090019 and H133B140039). The authors acknowledge the assistance of the Data Access Group of ICF International and the Center for Mental Health Services. The manuscript is based on data from the National Evaluation of the Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and their Families Program. The authors are grateful for the reviews of this manuscript provided by Jason Newsom and Corinne Bacharach Spiegel.
The views expressed in the article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, or does the mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Conflict of Interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.
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