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The Characteristics and Severity of Psychological Distress After Abortion Among University Students

  • Maureen CurleyEmail author
  • Celeste Johnston
Article

Abstract

Controversy over abortion inhibits recognition and treatment for women who experience psychological distress after abortion (PAD). This study identified the characteristics, severity, and treatment preferences of university students who experienced PAD. Of 151 females, 89 experienced an abortion. Psychological outcomes were compared among those who preferred or did not prefer psychological services after abortion to those who were never pregnant. All who had abortions reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and grief lasting on average 3 years. Yet, those who preferred services experienced heightened psychological trauma indicative of partial or full PTSD (Impact of Event Scale, M = 26.86 versus 16.84, p < .05), perinatal grief (Perinatal Grief Scale, M 62.54 versus 50.89, p < 0.05), dysthymia (BDI M = 11.01 versus 9.28, p < 0.05), (M = 41.86 versus 39.36, p < 0.05), and co-existing mental health problems. PAD appeared multi-factorial, associated with the abortion and overall emotional health. Thus, psychological interventions for PAD need to be developed as a public health priority.

Keywords

Psychological Distress Mental Health Problem Suicidal Ideation Beck Depression Inventory Unintended Pregnancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Conflict of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest declared.

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Copyright information

© National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Healthcare Environments and Systems, College of Nursing, Health Professions, Nursing and Pharmacy ComplexUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.School of NursingMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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