Śrīmad-Bhāgavata-Pārāyaṇa-Vidhi-Prakāśa: An Early Modern Poetry Workshop?
- 10 Downloads
This paper focuses on a mid-eighteenth-century work by Sāvantsingh, the poet prince of Kiśangaṛh, who wrote under the pen name of Nāgarīdās and is famous as the sponsor of the Kiśangaṛhī miniatures. The text under discussion is Śrīmad-Bhāgavata-Pārāyaṇa-Vidhi-Prakāśa, “Spotlight on the Ceremonies for a Full Recitation of the Holy Bhāgavata [Purāṇa].” This work documents a religious festival where a full reading of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa took place, organized by Sāvantsingh himself in the monsoon season of the year 1742. Contrary to what the title might lead us to expect, very little attention is given to the particulars of the recitation; rather, we get a transcript of the poetry composed by courtiers for the occasion and read at the beginning and at the conclusion of the rites. I have been able to identify some of the participants in a contemporaneous miniature, thus providing us with a visual image of the poets. In this paper, I analyze how the poems respond to one another and what this tells us about early modern poetry gatherings. I argue that such gatherings share many characteristics in common with contemporaneous mushā‘irahs in what was then the new, popular medium of Urdu poetry (called Rekhtā at the time), as described in Tazkirahs.
KeywordsKiśangaṛh Nāgarīdās Nimbārka Kṛṣṇa bhakti Bhāgavata Purāṇa kathā mushā‘irah poetic responses
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Aitken, Molly Emma. 2010. The Intelligence of Tradition in Rajput Court Painting. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Bangha, Imre. 2007. “Courtly and Religious Communities as Centres of Literary Activity in Eighteenth-Century India: Ānandghan’s Contacts with the Princely Court of Kishangarh-Rupnagar and with the Maṭh of the Nimbārka Sampradāy in Salemabad.” In Csaba Dezsö, ed., Indian Languages and Texts Through the Ages: Essays of Hungarian Indologists in Honour of Prof. Csaba Töttössy, 307–53. New Delhi: Manohar.Google Scholar
- Clémentin-Ojha, Catherine. Forthcoming. “Ascetics’ Rights in Early 19th Century Jaipur (Rajasthan).” In Peter Flügel and Gustaaf Houtman, eds., Asceticism and Power in the Asian Context. London: Curzon. Available at: http://ceias.ehess.fr/docannexe/file/2381/ascetics_rights_2005_online_since_ march_2012.pdf
- Devpurā, Bhagavatī Prasād. 2001. Guru-Govind ke ananya upāsak aṣṭachāp-kavi Govinddās. Nathdvara: Sāhitya Maṇḍal.Google Scholar
- Dickinson, Eric and Karl Khandalavala. 1959. Kishangarh Paintings. New Delhi: Lalit Kalā Academy.Google Scholar
- Gupta, Kiśorīlāl, ed. 1965. Nāgarīdās granthāvalī. 2 volumes. Benares: Nāgarī Pracāriṇī Sabhā.Google Scholar
- Horstmann, Monika. 2002. “The Rāmānandīs of Galtā (Jaipur, Rajasthan).” In Lawrence A. Babb, Varsha Joshi, Michael Meister, eds., Multiple Histories: Culture and Society in the Study of Rajasthan, 141–97. Jaipur: Rawat Publications.Google Scholar
- Horstmann, Monika. 2009. Der Zusammenhalt der Welt: Religiöse Herrschaftslegitimation und Religionspolitik Mahārājā Savāī Jaisinghs (1700–1743). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.Google Scholar
- Khān, Faiyāz Alī. 1974. Nāgarīdās granthāvalī. New Delhi: Kendrīya Hindī Nideśālay.Google Scholar
- Khan, Faiyaz Ali. 1975. “Kishangarh Painting and Bani Thani.” Roopa Lekha 40, 1–2: 83–88.Google Scholar
- Mathur, Vijay Kumar. 2000. Marvels of Kishangarh Paintings from the Collection of the National Museum, New Delhi. New Delhi: Bharatiya Kala Prakashan.Google Scholar
- Naim, C. M. 1989. “Poet-Audience Interaction at Urdu Musha‘iras.” In Christopher Shackle, ed., Urdu and Muslim South Asia: Studies in Honour of Ralph Russell, 167–73. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.Google Scholar
- Pauwels, Heidi. 2012. “Literary Moments of Exchange in the 18th Century: The New Urdu Vogue Meets Kṛṣṇa Bhakti.” In Alka Patel and Karen Leonard, eds., Indo-Muslim Cultures in Transition, 61–86. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
- Śaraṇ,Vrajvallabh. 1966. Śrī Nāgarīdāsjī kī vāṇī: Nāgarīdāśjī ke jīvanvṛtta evaṃ vāṇiyoṃ kā sanśodhit sanskaraṇ. Vrindaban: Śrī Sarveśvar Press.Google Scholar
- Śaraṇ,Vrajvallabh. 1972. Śrī Nimbārkācārya aur unkā sampradāy. Vrindaban: Śrī Sarveśvar Press.Google Scholar
- Śarmā, Nārāyaṇdatt. 1978. Nimbārka sampradāy aur uske Kṛṣṇa bhakta Hindī kavi. Mathura: Aśok Prakāśan.Google Scholar
- Śarmā, Rāmprasād. 1996. Śrī Brajdāsī Bhāgavat. 2 volumes. Salemabad: Śrī Nimbārk Mudraṇālay.Google Scholar
- Sumahendra. 1995. Splendid Style of Kishangarh Painting. Jaipur: Jaipur Printers.Google Scholar
- Śyāmsundardās. 1965–75 [1916–28]. Hindī śabdsāgar, arthāt, Hindī bhāṣā kā ek bṛhat kōś. 11 volumes. Benares: Nagaripracarini Sabha. Available online at: http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/ dasa-hindi/.