Philosophia

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 925–931 | Cite as

Olympia and Other O-Machines

Article

Abstract

Against Maudlin, I argue that machines which merely reproduce a pre-programmed series of changes ought to be classed with Turing’s O-Machines even if they would counterfactually show Turing Machine-like activity. This can be seen on an interventionist picture of computational architectures, on which basic operations are the primitive loci for interventions. While constructions like Maudlin’s Olympia still compute, then, claims about them do not threaten philosophical arguments that depend on Turing Machine architectures and their computational equivalents.

Keywords

Computation Computability Implementation Turing machines Consciousness 

References

  1. Aaronson, S. (2015). Why philosophers should care about computational complexity In Copeland, B.J., Posy, C., & Shagrir, O. (Eds.), Computability: Gödel, Turing, Church, and Beyond. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bartlett, G. (2012). Computational theories of conscious experience: Between a rock and a hard place. Erkenntnis, 76(2), 195–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chalmers, D.J. (2011). A computational foundation for the study of cognition. Journal of Cognitive Science, 12, 323–357.Google Scholar
  4. Duntemann, J. (2011). Assembly language step-by-step: Programming with Linux. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Kaeslin, H. (2008). Digital Integrated Circuit Design: From VLSI Architectures to CMOS Fabrication. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Klein, C. (2008). Dispositional implementation solves the superfluous structure problem. Synthese, 165(1), 141–153.Google Scholar
  7. Lem, S. (1976). The Cyberiad. Avon Books. New York: trans. Michael Kandel.Google Scholar
  8. Maudlin, T. (1989). Computation and consciousness. The Journal of Philosophy, 86(8), 407–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1984). Computation and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Sprevak, M. (2007). Chinese rooms and program portability. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 58(4), 755–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Turing, A. (1938). Systems of logic based on ordinals In Copeland, B.J. (Ed.), (2004) The Essential Turing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Woodward, J. (2003). Making Things Happen. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations