, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 309–324 | Cite as

Two Omnipotent Beings?

  • Ciro De FlorioEmail author
  • Aldo Frigerio


The idea of omnipotence plays a crucial role within the framework of classical theism. God is typically considered omnipotent, that is, able to  perform any action. Sometimes, it is said that for God there is no difference between will and action; everything he wishes happens. However, as one reflects on the concept of omnipotence, some rather complex questions arise; the range of God’s possible “actions” is not clear. What are the boundaries of the power of an omnipotent being, if these boundaries exist at all? In this paper, we will examine an interesting question: is it possible that two omnipotent beings exist? Or, does the property of omnipotence necessarily imply the uniqueness of its instantiation? Intuitively, the existence of more than one omnipotent being seems to be contradictory. However, we will demonstrate that under some conditions the existence of two omnipotent beings is possible.


Omnipotence Divine attributes Voluntarism Metaphysics of perfect being 



A previous version of this paper was presented at SIFA 2014 Conference in L’Aquila. We would like to thanks the audience, and expecially Marco Santambrogio and Matteo Morganti, for comments and criticisms. The paper benefited from helpful comments by an anonymous referee of this Journal. Thanks to Giulia De Florio for linguistic advice.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanoItaly

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