, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 457–473

Debating Forgiveness: A Reply to My Critics


DOI: 10.1007/s11406-010-9245-x

Cite this article as:
Griswold, C.L. Philosophia (2010) 38: 457. doi:10.1007/s11406-010-9245-x


In this essay I offer a detailed reply to three critics (whose commentaries are included in this issue of Philosophia) of my Forgiveness: a Philosophical Exploration (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007). The topics explored include the nature and limits of forgiveness; its unconditional or conditional character; the problem of distinguishing between central and marginal cases; the analysis of political apology; and questions of philosophical methodology.


Forgiveness Unconditional forgiveness Conditional forgiveness Paradigm cases Excuse Condonation Clemency Mercy Reconciliation Anger Moral ideals Virtue theory Secular and religious approaches Analytical strategy 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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