The Internet topology at the autonomous system (AS) level is of great importance, and traceroute has been known to be a potential tool to obtain a complete AS topology. The original IP-to-AS mapping table maps the IP addresses in traceroute paths to their origin ASes, which may cause false AS links. The existing methods refine the original mapping table based on traceroute-BGP path pairs or alias resolution data. However, the information extracted from either of them is inaccurate and incomplete. In this paper, we present a two-type information fusion based method to refine the original mapping table. We extract four kinds of information from path pair and alias resolution data. Based on these information, we build a candidate AS set for each router. Then we choose the AS that is consistent with the existing information to be the owner AS of each router and map all of the IP addresses on the router to it. We validate the result with the ground truth from PeeringDB and Looking Glass severs. Compared with the existing methods, our method produces a more accurate mapping table. In addition, we discuss the coverage of our method and show that our method is convergent and more robust against the reduction of information or the increase of incorrect information.
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Jiang, Q., Hu, HY. & Hu, GM. Two-Type Information Fusion Based IP-to-AS Mapping Table Refining. J. Comput. Sci. Technol. 32, 571–584 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11390-017-1744-9
- network topology