This article presents a user study of mobile robot teleoperation. Performance of speed, position and combined command strategies in combination with text, visual and haptic feedback information were evaluated by experiments. Two experimental tasks were designed as follows: positioning of mobile robot and navigation in complex environment. Time for task completion and motion accuracy were measured and compared for different command strategies and types of feedback. Role of haptic, text and visual feedback information in combination with described command strategies is outlined.
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Farkhatdinov, I., Ryu, JH. & Poduraev, J. A user study of command strategies for mobile robot teleoperation. Intel Serv Robotics 2, 95–104 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11370-009-0036-9