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Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 1490–1499 | Cite as

Critical pH and exchangeable Al of four acidic soils derived from different parent materials for maize crops

  • M. Abdulaha-Al Baquy
  • Jiu-Yu Li
  • Jun Jiang
  • Khalid Mehmood
  • Ren-Yong Shi
  • Ren-Kou Xu
Soils, Sec 2 • Global Change, Environ Risk Assess, Sustainable Land Use • Research Article

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the critical soil pH, exchangeable aluminum (Al), and Al saturation of the soils derived from different parent materials for maize.

Materials and methods

An Alfisol derived from loess deposit and three Ultisols derived from Quaternary red earth, granite, and Tertiary red sandstone were used for pot experiment in greenhouse. Ca(OH)2 and Al2(SO4)3 were used to adjust soil pH to target values. The critical soil pH was obtained by two intersected linear lines of maize height, chlorophyll content, and yield of shoot and root dry matter changing with soil pH.

Results and discussion

In low soil pH, Al toxicity significantly decreased plant height, chlorophyll content, and shoot and root dry matter yields of maize crops. The critical values of soil pH, exchangeable Al, and Al saturation varied with soil types. Critical soil pH was 4.46, 4.73, 4.77, and 5.07 for the Alfisol derived from loess deposit and the Ultisol derived from Quaternary red earth, granite, and Tertiary red sandstone, respectively. Critical soil exchangeable Al was 2.74, 1.99, 1.93, and 1.04 cmolckg−1 for the corresponding soils, respectively. Critical Al saturation was 5.63, 12.51, 14.84, and 15.16% for the corresponding soils.

Conclusions

Greater soil cation exchange capacity and exchangeable base cations led to lower critical soil pH and higher critical soil exchangeable Al and Al saturation for maize.

Keywords

Al saturation Alfisol Critical soil pH Maize Soil acidity Ultisol 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author gratefully acknowledges the Chinese Academy of Sciences–The World Academy of Sciences President’s Fellowship for his Ph. D studies in China.

Funding information

This study was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (grant number: 2014CB441003) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number: 41230855).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Abdulaha-Al Baquy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jiu-Yu Li
    • 1
  • Jun Jiang
    • 1
  • Khalid Mehmood
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ren-Yong Shi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ren-Kou Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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