Impacts of sea-level rise on sediment microbial community structure and function in two New England salt marshes, USA

  • Matt R. Simon
  • Gregory P. Zogg
  • Steven E. Travis
Soils, Sec 5 • Soil and Landscape Ecology • Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11368-017-1710-8

Cite this article as:
Simon, M.R., Zogg, G.P. & Travis, S.E. J Soils Sediments (2017). doi:10.1007/s11368-017-1710-8

Abstract

Purpose

There is growing evidence for a tight linkage between the structure and function of microbial communities and for the importance of this relationship in ecosystem responses to disturbances such as sea-level rise (SLR). While the role of plants in determining the capacity of salt marshes to keep pace with SLR through sediment accretion has received considerable attention, the role of microbes in offsetting these gains via decomposition is less understood.

Materials and methods

We conducted a controlled experiment to determine the structural and functional responses of microbes to SLR, using soil from the low intertidal zone of two New England salt marshes in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, USA. We used terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms (t-RFLPs) generated from microbial 16S rDNA to evaluate community composition and diversity and focused on changes in respiration with SLR, measured as total respired carbon normalized by percent organic matter, as a surrogate for decomposition rate.

Results and discussion

We observed a 24% reduction in microbial respiration with a simulated rise in sea level of 40 cm. This functional change was accompanied by a structural shift in microbial community composition among samples from New Hampshire but not Massachusetts, assessed via principal coordinate analysis of t-RFLP data. We also found greater microbial diversity within our New Hampshire samples, suggesting that low diversity may constrain community compositional shifts.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that decreased microbial respiration could alleviate the negative effects of SLR on salt marsh surface elevation, at least in the short term, and that the diversity of the soil microbial community may positively influence functional responses such as respiration.

Keywords

Microbial community structure Microbial diversity Microbial respiration Sea-level rise Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matt R. Simon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gregory P. Zogg
    • 1
  • Steven E. Travis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of New EnglandBiddefordUSA
  2. 2.Department of EducationTufts UniversityMedfordUSA

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