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Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 1300–1305 | Cite as

Land contamination by toxic elements in abandoned mine areas in Italy

  • Mohammad WahshaEmail author
  • Mandana Nadimi-Goki
  • Claudio Bini
Soil Pollution and Remediation

Abstract

Purpose

The present paper concerns the distribution and mobility of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn and Fe) in the soils of some abandoned mine sites in Italy and their transfer to wild flora.

Materials and methods

Soils and plants were sampled from mixed sulphide mine dumps in different parts of Italy, and the concentrations of heavy metals were determined.

Results and discussion

The phytoremediation ability of Salix species (Salix eleagnos, Salix purpurea and Salix caprea), Taraxacum officinale and P​lantago major for heavy metals and, in particular, zinc was estimated. The results showed that soils affected by mining activities presented total Zn, Cu, Pb and Fe concentrations above the internationally recommended permissible limits. A highly significant correlation occurred between metal concentrations in soils.

Conclusions

The obtained results confirmed the environmental effects of mine waste; exploring wild flora ability to absorb metals, besides metal exploitation, proved a useful tool for planning possible remediation projects.

Keywords

Heavy metals Mine sites Phytoremediation Soil pollution 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Wahsha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mandana Nadimi-Goki
    • 2
  • Claudio Bini
    • 2
  1. 1.Marine Science StationThe University of Jordan and Yarmouk UniversityAqabaJordan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesCa’ Foscari University of VeniceVeniceItaly

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