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Table 7 Results of 1,000 Monte Carlo simulations for uncertainty analysis of mozzarella cheese from cradle-to-grave per ton of dry cheese solids

From: Life cycle assessment of cheese and whey production in the USA

Impact category Unit Mean CV (%) 95 % CI
Climate change kg CO2e 1.42E + 04 17.0 9.73E + 03 1.96E + 04
Cumulative energy demand MJ 8.83E + 04 41.1 5.01E + 04 1.69E + 05
Freshwater depletion m3 1.33E + 03 20.1 8.81E + 02 1.94E + 03
Marine eutrophication kg N eq. 3.80E + 01 16.9 2.64E + 01 5.20E + 01
Photochemical oxidant formation kg NMVOC 4.97E + 01 16.7 3.45E + 01 6.65E + 01
Freshwater eutrophication kg P eq. 8.05E + 00 16.8 2.47E − 04 4.84E − 04
Ecosystems Species/year 3.59E − 04 26.7 4.99E + 00 1.26E + 01
Human toxicity CTUh 6.65E − 04 95.2 2.57E − 04 1.71E − 03
Ecotoxicity CTUe 6.99E + 04 20.1 4.60E + 04 9.98E + 04