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Table 6 Results of 1,000 Monte Carlo simulations for uncertainty analysis of cheddar cheese from cradle-to-grave per ton of dry cheese solids

From: Life cycle assessment of cheese and whey production in the USA

Impact category Unit Mean Coefficient of variation (CV) (%) 95 % CI
Climate change kg CO2e 1.34E + 04 18.8 9.28E + 03 1.93E + 04
Cumulative energy demand MJ 7.67E + 04 46.1 4.73E + 04 1.57E + 05
Freshwater depletion m3 1.37E + 03 21.8 8.88E + 02 2.06E + 03
Marine eutrophication kg N eq. 3.80E + 01 18.3 2.65E + 01 5.42E + 01
Photochemical oxidant formation kg NMVOC 4.67E + 01 17.7 3.22E + 01 6.54E + 01
Freshwater eutrophication kg P eq. 7.84E + 00 18.7 2.41E − 04 5.15E − 04
Ecosystems Species/year 3.55E − 04 27.7 4.95E + 00 1.22E + 01
Human toxicity CTUh 5.07E − 04 211 1.81E − 04 1.38E − 03
Ecotoxicity CTUe 7.17E + 04 22.4 4.78E + 04 1.06E + 05