The Chinese Dream: Concept and Context

Abstract

With the Chinese Dream as a new, signature ideology of the CCP comes the important and challenging task of understanding its concept. This article examines the concept and context of the Chinese Dream, especially its core concept of national rejuvenation. It focuses on tracing the background of the concept and analyzes the context of this new narrative from three closely connected aspects: historical perspectives, domestic legitimacy, and the comprehension of the concept in an international context.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    “Xi Pledges ‘Great renewal of Chinese nation,’” Xinhua, 2012 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-11/29/c_132008231.htm.

  2. 2.

    General secretary Xi Jinping’s fifteen speeches systematically elaborate the Chinese dream [习近平总书记15篇讲话系统阐述“中国梦”], People’s Daily, 2013 http://theory.people.com.cn/n/2013/0619/c40531-21891787.html.

  3. 3.

    Liu Qibao, “Some points of understanding concerning the theoretical structure of socialism with Chinese characteristics” [关于中国特色社会主义理论体系的几点认识], People’s Daily, 2013 http://opinion.people.com.cn/n/2013/0708/c1003-22109528.html.

  4. 4.

    “Xi Pledges ‘Great renewal of Chinese nation,’” Xinhua, 2012 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-11/29/c_132008231.htm.

  5. 5.

    “Xi Pledges ‘Great renewal of Chinese nation,’” Xinhua, 2012 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-11/29/c_132008231.htm.

  6. 6.

    Wang, Zheng. 2012. Never forget national humiliation: Historical memory in Chinese politics and foreign relations. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Callahan, W.A. 2004. National insecurities: Humiliation, salvation, and Chinese nationalism. Alternatives 29: 206.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Gries, P.H. 2004. China’s new nationalism: Pride, politics, and diplomacy. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Billy O. Wireman. “The people’s republic of China turns 50,” Vital Speeches of the Day, July 15, 2000.

  10. 10.

    Schell, Orville, Delury John. 2013. A rising china needs a new national story. Wall Street Journal http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324425204578599633633456090.html.

  11. 11.

    Galtung, Johan. 2001. The Construction of National Identities for Cosmic Drama: Chosenness-Myths-Trauma (CMT) Syndromes and Cultural Pathologies. In Handcuffed to history, ed. P. Udayakumar. Westpoint: Praeger.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Volkan, V.D. 1997. Bloodlines: From ethnic pride to ethnic terrorism, vol. 48. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Vamik D. Volkan, Bloodlines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997), 81. Vamik D. Volkan, “Large Group Identity and Chosen Trauma,” Psychoanalysis Downunder 6 (2005): 6.

  14. 14.

    Vamik D. Volkan, Bloodlines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997), 81.

  15. 15.

    Ibid, 48.

  16. 16.

    Zheng Wang, “Not Rising, But Rejuvenating: The ‘Chinese Dream,’” The Diplomat, February 5, 2013 http://thediplomat.com/2013/02/05/chinese-dream-draft/.

  17. 17.

    Johan Galtung, Globe Projections of Deep-Rooted U.S. Pathologies, Occasional Paper no. II (Fairfax, VA: Institute for Conflict Analysis and Reolution, 1996): 9–10.

  18. 18.

    Vamik D. Volkan, “Large Group Identity and Chosen Trauma,” Psychoanalysis Downunder 6 (2005).

  19. 19.

    Kellas, J.G. 1998. The politics of nationalism and ethnicity, 196. New York: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Max Weber, Essays in Sociology, H.H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills eds. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1946).

  21. 21.

    X.L. Ding, The Decline of Communism in China: Legitimacy Crisis, 1977–1989 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 164.

  22. 22.

    Chen, Jie. 1995. The Impact of Reform on the Party and Ideology in China. Journal of Contemporary China 9: 22–34.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Renwick, Neil, and Qing Cao. 1999. Chinese Political Discourse Towards the 21st Century: Victimhood, Identity and Political Power. East Asia: An International Quarterly 17(4): 111–143.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Jiang Zemin, “Speech at the 6th Plenary Session of the 14th CCP National Congress,” Beijing, October 10, 1996

  25. 25.

    Jiang Zemin, “Report at the 16th CCP National Congress,” Beijing, November 14, 2002

  26. 26.

    Hu Jintao, “Report at the 17th CCP National Congress,” Beijing, October 24, 2007

  27. 27.

    Maria Bondes and Sandra Heep, “Conceptualizing the Relationship between Persuasion in Legitimacy: Official Framing in the Case of the Chinese Communist Party,” Journal of Chinese Political Science 18 (4), 317–334.

  28. 28.

    Rozman, Gilbert. 2012. Invocations of Chinese traditions in international relations. Journal of Chinese Political Science 17(2): 111–124.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    “Full Text of Constitution of the Communist Party of China,” Xinhua, October 25, 2007 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-10/25/content_6944738.htm.

  30. 30.

    “Xi Pledges ‘Great Renewal of Chinese Nation,’” Xinhua, November 29, 2012 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-11/29/c_132008231_2.htm.

  31. 31.

    Hu Jintao, “Report at the 17th CCP National Congress,” Beijing, October 24, 2007

  32. 32.

    Jiang Zemin, “Speech at the Meeting Celebrating the 80th Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party of China” People’s Daily, July 1, 1991

  33. 33.

    “President Vows to Bring Benefits to People in Realizing ‘Chinese Dream,” Xinhua, March 17, 2013 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/17/c_132240052.htm.

  34. 34.

    Alastair Iain Johnston, “Is China a Status Quo Power?,” International Security Vol. 27, No. 4 (Spring 2003): 5–56.

  35. 35.

    “Xi Pledges ‘Great Renewal of Chinese Nation,’” Xinhua, November 29, 2012 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-11/29/c_132008231_2.htm.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zheng Wang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wang, Z. The Chinese Dream: Concept and Context. J OF CHIN POLIT SCI 19, 1–13 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11366-013-9272-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • The Chinese Dream
  • Xi Jinping
  • Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
  • Legitimacy
  • Ideology