Employment in China’s hi-tech zones

  • Chuchu Chen
  • Albert N. LinkEmail author


The purpose of this paper is to explore employment differences over time across China’s hi-tech zones. Using data from China’s Ministry of Science and Technology, we find that if a university science park is within a hi-tech zone, employment in that zone is higher, but that finding only holds for zones established in the pre-information communication technology period. After 2000, proximity to a university science park does not appear to be necessary for the exchange of tacit knowledge which we contend leverages the technology base of firms and organizations in the zone and thus their level of employment. We also find greater employment in hi-tech zones in which information technology is a dominant industry.


Employment Hi-tech zone University science park Information technology Program management 


  1. Campbell, J. R. (2013). “Becoming a Techno-Industrial Power: Chinese Science and Technology Policy,”
  2. China Statistical Yearbook (2016).
  3. Hobbs, K. G., Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2017a). Science and technology parks: an annotated and analytical literature review. Journal of Technology Transfer, 42, 957–976. Scholar
  4. Hobbs, K. G., Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2017b). The growth of US science and technology parks: does proximity to a university matter? Annals of Regional Science, 59, 495–511. Scholar
  5. Hu, A. G. (2007). Technology parks and regional economic growth in China. Research Policy, 36, 76–87. Scholar
  6. Link, A. N., & Link, K. R. (2003). On the growth of U.S. Science Parks. Journal of Technology Transfer, 28, 81–85. Scholar
  7. Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2003). U.S. science parks: the diffusion of an innovation and its effects on the academic mission of universities. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 21, 1323–1356. Scholar
  8. Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2006). U.S. university research parks. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 25, 43–55. Scholar
  9. Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2007). The economics of university research parks. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 23, 661–674. Scholar
  10. Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2015). Research, science, and technology parks: Vehicles for technology transfer. In A. N. Link, D. S. Siegel, & M. Wright (Eds.), The Chicago handbook of university technology transfer and academic entrepreneurship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Scholar
  11. Link, A. N., & Yang, U. Y. (2017). On the growth of Korean technoparks. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal.
  12. Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) (2011, 2017). “National High-Tech Industrial Zones in China,”
  13. Su, D.-J., Wu, B., Sohn, D.-W., & Zhou, D.-Y. (2016). The trajectory of university science parks (USPs) in China: institutional evolution and assessment. STI Policy Review, 7, 16–34.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA

Personalised recommendations