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Social capital and entrepreneurial process

  • Elvin AfandiEmail author
  • Majid Kermani
  • Fuad Mammadov
Article

Abstract

The paper examines the relationship between social capital and entrepreneurial engagement of individuals in 35 nations from Europe and Asia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first empirical research that attempts to investigate the influence of three-dimensional social capital concept – trust, networks and norms – on three stages of entrepreneurial process – preference, trial and success – using such large and comprehensive cross-sectional micro data. In general, we find that all three dimensions of social capital matter in the entrepreneurship context, albeit differently. They become beneficial in different ways and at different stages of entrepreneurial involvement. For example, among trust variables, institutional trust in general, and trust in business-oriented and business-supporting actors in particular, exert significant positive effect on entrepreneurial process. Individuals with formal membership in professional associations are more likely to perceive entrepreneurial opportunities, while some close or strong-tie networks might prevent them from progressing in the entrepreneurship ladder. Finally, individual level civic norms appear to be negatively associated with early-stage entrepreneurship, while the success in becoming an entrepreneur is not found to be bound by people’s civic norms.

Keywords

Entrepreneurial process Social capital Trust Networks Civic norms Transition economies 

JEL classifications

L26 D8 J24 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the support of the Economics Education and Research Consortium (EERC) in Ukraine for funding this research.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private SectorJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Central Bank of AzerbaijanBakuAzerbaijan

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