Advertisement

Encouraging organizational performance through the influence of technological distinctive competencies on components of corporate entrepreneurship

  • Rodrigo Martín-RojasEmail author
  • Virginia Fernández-Pérez
  • Encarnación García-Sánchez
Article

Abstract

Firms’ technological distinctive competencies (TDCs) help CEOs to confront their reality based on technological knowledge to achieve and exploit competitive advantage by encouraging the different dimensions of corporate entrepreneurship (innovation, new business venturing, proactiveness and self-renewal). The main purpose of this paper is thus to highlight how companies that strive to improve technological competencies within the firm achieve higher organizational performance through different components of corporate entrepreneurship and their interrelationships. This study seeks to fill this research gap by analyzing theoretically and empirically how TDCs enhance innovation, new business venturing and proactiveness and their interrelationships to achieve self-renewal and thus improve firms’ organizational performance. The methodology used is LISREL analysis. We test the model with data from 201 Spanish organizations. Our research contributes theoretical and empirical arguments on the value of TDCs to the organization, arguments that are especially important because organizations sometimes fail to achieve sustainable competitive advantage due to their limited understanding of the relationships between these strategic variables.

Keywords

Technological distinctive capacities Innovation New business venturing Proactiveness Organizational performance Corporate entrepreneurship 

JEL classification

O32 

References

  1. Abetti, P.A. (1997). The birth and growth of Toshiba’s laptop and notebook computers: a case study in Japanese corporate venturing. Journal of Business Venturing, 12, 507–529.Google Scholar
  2. Alba, M. F., García, J. M., & Mas-Verdú, F. (2013). New firm creation and innovation: industrial patterns and inter-sectoral linkages. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9(4), 501–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alvarez, S. A., & Barney, J. B. (2007). Discovery and creation: alternative theories of entrepreneurial action. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(1–2), 11–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Andries, P., & Debackere, K. (2007). Adaptation and performance in new business: understanding the moderating effects of independence and industry. Small Business Economics, 29, 81–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R. D. (2000). Intrapreneurship modeling in transition economies: a comparison of Slovenia and the United States. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 5(1), 21–40.Google Scholar
  7. Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R.D. (2001). Intrapreneurship: construct refinement and cross-cultural validation, Journal of Business Venturing, 16(5), 495--527.Google Scholar
  8. Archibugi, D., & Iammarino, S. (2002). The globalization of technological innovation: definition and evidence. Review of International Political Economy, 9(1), 98–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Armstrong, J. S., & Overton, T. S. (1977). Estimating nonresponse bias in mail surveys. Journal of Marketing Research, 14, 396–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Autio, E., Sapienza, H. J., & Almeida, J. G. (2000). Effects on age at entry, knowledge intensity, and imitability on international growth. Academy of Management Journal, 43(5), 909–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Banerjee, P. (2003). Some indicators of dynamic technological competencies: understanding of Indian software managers. Technovation, 23, 593–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Barrett, P., & Sexton, M. (2006). Innovation in small, project-based construction firms. British Journal of Management, 17(4), 331–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Batjargal, B. (2007). Internet entrepreneurship: social capital, human capital, and performance of internet ventures in China. Research Policy, 36, 605–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Benitez-Amado, J., Lloréns-Montes, F. J., & Perez-Arostegui, M. N. (2010). Information technology-enabled intrapreneurship culture and firm performance. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 110(4), 550–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Berends, R., Reymen, I. M., & Stultiëns, R. (2014). Product innovation processes in small firms: combining entrepreneurial effectuation and managerial causation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31(3), 616–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bolívar Ramos, M. T., García Morales, V. J., & García-Sánchez, E. (2012). Technological distinctive competencies and organisational learning: effects on organisational innovation to improve firm performance. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 29(3), 331–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (1993). Testing structural equations models. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Brazeal, D. V., Schenkel, M. T., & Azriel, J. A. (2008). Awakening the entrepreneurial spirit: Exploring the relationship between organizational factors and perceptions of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and desirability in a corporate setting. New England Journal of Entrepreneurship, 11(1), 1–17.Google Scholar
  20. Buckley, P. J., & Casson, M. (1998). Analyzing foreign market entry strategies: extending the internalization approach. Journal of International Business Studies, 29(3), 539–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cantwell, J. A., & Fai, F. M. (1999). Firms as the source of innovation and growth: the evolution of technological competence. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 9, 331–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chen, C. Y., Chen, P. C., & Lu, Y. E. (2013). The coordination processes and dynamics within the inter-organizational context of contract-based outsourced engineering projects. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 30, 113–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Choi, Y. R., & Shepherd, D. A. (2004). Entrepreneurs’ decisions to exploit opportunities. Journal of Management, 30(3), 377–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Choi, B., Poon, S. K., & Davis, J. G. (2008). Effects of knowledge management strategy on organizational performance: a complementarity theory-based approach. Omega, 36(2), 235–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Clausen, T., & Korneliussen, T. (2012). The relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and speed to the market: the case of incubator firms in Norway. Technovation, 32(9–10), 560–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cottrell, T., & Nault, B. R. (2004). Product variety and firm survival in the microcomputer software industry. Strategic Management Journal, 25, 1005–1025.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Covin, J. G., & Miles, M. P. (2008). Strategic use of corporate venturing. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 31(2), 183–207.Google Scholar
  28. Covin, J.G., & Slevin, D.P. (1986). The development and testing of an organizational-level entrepreneurship scale, in Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, ed. R. Ronstadt, J.A. Homaday, R. Peterson & K.H. Vespar, 628–639, Wellesley, M.A.: Babson College.Google Scholar
  29. Crant, J. M. (2000). Proactive behavior in organizations. Journal of Management, 26(3), 435–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. D’Cruz, J. R., & Rugman, A. M. (1994). Business network theory and the Canadian telecommunications industry. International Business Review, 3(3), 275–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Damanpour, F., Walker, R. M., & Avellaneda, C. N. (2009). Combinative effects of innovation types and organizational performance: a longitudinal study of service organizations. Journal of Management Studies, 4(4), 650–675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Danneels, E. (2002). The dynamics of product innovation and firm competencies. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 1095–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Danneels, E. (2007). The process of technological competence leveraging. Strategic Management Journal, 28, 511–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Danneels, E. (2008). Organizational antecedents of second-order competences. Strategic Management Journal, 29, 519–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. De los Ríos-Carmenado, I., & Rodríguez, F. (2015). Promoting professional project management skills in engineering higher education: Project-based learning (PBL) strategy. International Journal of Engineering Education, 31(1-B), 1–15.Google Scholar
  36. DeCarolis, D. M. (2003). Competencies and imitability in the pharmaceutical industry: an analysis of their relationship with firm performance. Journal of Management, 29(1), 27–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. DeSimone, L. D., Hatsopoulos, G. N., O’Brien, W. F., Harris, B., & Holt, C. P. (1995). How can big companies keep the entrepreneurial spirit alive? Harvard Business Review, 6, 183–192.Google Scholar
  38. Dess, G., & Lumpkin, G. (2005). The role of entrepreneurial orientation in stimulating effective corporate entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Executive, 19(1), 147–156.Google Scholar
  39. Di Tollo, G., Tanev, S., De March, D., & Ma, Z. (2012). Neural networks to model the innovativeness perception of co-creative firms. Expert Systems with Applications, 39, 12719–12726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Donahoe, J., Schefter, P., & Harding, D. (2001). Corporate Venturing: Management Fad or Lasting Trend? Boston: Brain & Company.Google Scholar
  41. Dos Santos, R., & Spann, M. (2011). Collective entrepreneurship at Qualcomm: Combining collective and entrepreneurial practices to turn employee ideas into action. R&D Management, 41(5), 442–456.Google Scholar
  42. Dougherty, D., & Hardy, C. (1996). Sustained product innovation in large, mature organizations: overcoming innovation-to-organization problems. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 1120–1153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Douglas, T. J., & Judge, W. Q. (2001). Total quality management implementation and competitive advantage: the role of structural control and exploration. Academy of Management Journal, 44(1), 158–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Drejer, A. (2001). How can we define and understand competencies and their development? Technovation, 21(3), 135–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Dun, & Bradstreet España, S. A. (2005). Duns 50.000 Principales Empresas Españolas. Madrid: Publicaciones.Google Scholar
  46. Dwyer, L., & Mellor, R. (1993). Product innovation strategies and performance of Australian firms. Australian Journal of Management, 18(2), 159–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Eisenhardt, K. M., & Martin, J. A. (2000). Dynamic capabilities: what are they? Strategic Management Journal, 21(11), 1105–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Fai, F. M., & Von Tunzelmann, G. N. (2001). Industry-specific competencies and converging technological systems: evidence from patents. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 12(2), 141–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Fayolle, A., & Basso, O. (2010). Entrepreneurial spirit and corporate entrepreneurship in large companies. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 10(3), 307–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Fernández-Pérez, V., Verdú-Jover, A. J., & Benitez-Amado, J. (2013). Managerial social networks and strategic flexibility: the role of strategic orientation. Personnel Review, 42(2), 134–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. García Morales, V. J., Lloréns Montes, F. J., & Verdú Jover, A. J. (2006). Antecedents and consequences of organizational innovation and organizational learning in entrepreneurship. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106(1–2), 21–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. García-Morales, V. J., Bolívar-Ramos, M. T., & Martín-Rojas, R. (2014). Technological variables and absorptive capacity's influence on performance through corporate entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research, 67(7), 1468–1477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Girratana, M. S., & Torrisi, S. (2010). Foreign entry and survival in a knowledge-intensive market: emerging economy countries’ international linkages, technology competences, and firm experience. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 4, 85–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Grant, R. M. (1995). Contemporary Strategy Analysis: Concepts, Techniques, Applications (2nd Edition) ed.). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers Inc.Google Scholar
  55. Guth, W. D., & Ginsberg, A. (1990). Guest editors’ Introduction: corporate entrepreneurship. Strategic Management Journal, 11, 5–15.Google Scholar
  56. Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1999). Análisis Multivariante. Madrid: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  57. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis ( (6th Edition) ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson..Google Scholar
  58. Håkansson, H., & Waluszewski, A. (2013). A never ending story — Interaction patterns and economic development. Industrial Marketing Management, 42, 443–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Heidenreich, M. (2005). The renewal of regional capabilities: Experimental regionalism in Germany. Research Policy, 34(5), 739–757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Hisrich, R. D., & Peters, M. P. (1984). Internal venturing in large corporations. In J. A. Hornaday et al. (Eds.), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research. Wellesley, MA: Babson College.Google Scholar
  61. Hofstede, G. (1980). Motivation, Leadership, and Organization: Do American Theories Apply Abroad? Organizational Dynamics, 9, 42–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Homburg, C., Krohmer, H., & Workman, J. P. (1999). Strategic consensus and performance: the role of strategy type and market-related dynamism. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 339–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Huang, K. F. (2011). Technology competencies in competitive environment. Journal of Business Research, 64(2), 172–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Hughes, M., & Mortgan, R. E. (2007). Deconstructing the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and business performance at the embryonic stage of firm growth. Industrial Marketing Management, 36, 651–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Hult, G. T. M., & Ketchen, D. J. (2001). Does market orientation matter? A test of the relationship between positional advantage and performance. Strategic Management Journal, 22(9), 899–906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Hurley, R. F., & Hult, G. T. M. (1998). Innovation, market orientation, and organizational learning: an integration and empirical examination. Journal of Marketing, 62, 42–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Hussinger, K. (2010). On the importance of technological relatedness: SMEs versus large acquisition targets. Technovation, 30, 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Jones, G. K., Lanctot Jr., A., & Teegen, H. J. (2000). Determinants and performance impacts of external technology acquisition. Journal of Business Venturing, 16, 255–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Kanter, R. M. (1989). Swimming in newstreams: mastering innovation dilemmas. California Management Review, 31(4), 45–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Kanter, R. M., & Richardson, L. (1991). Engines of progress: designing and running entrepreneurial vehicles in established companies—the enter-prize program at Ohio bell, 1985–1990. Journal of Business Venturing, 6(3), 209–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Kazanjian, R. K., Drazin, R., & Glynn, M. A. (2000). Creativity and technological learning: the roles of organization architecture and crisis in large-scale projects. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 17, 273–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Kelley, D. (2011). Sustainable corporate entrepreneurship: evolving and connecting with the organization. Business Horizons, 54, 73–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Knight, G. A. (1997). Cross-cultural reliability and validity of a scale to measure firm entrepreneurial orientation. Journal of Business Venturing, 12, 213–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Konrad, A. M., & Linnehan, F. (1995). Formalized HRM structures: Coordinating equal employment opportunity or concealing organizational practice? Academy of Management Journal, 38, 787–820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Koufteros, X., Babbar, S., & Kaighobadi, M. (2009). A paradigm for examining second-order factor models employing structural equation modelling. International Journal of Production Economics, 120, 633–652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Kuratko, D. F., & Audretsch, D. B. (2013). Clarifying the domains of corporate entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9(3), 323–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lane, P. J., & Lubatkin, M. (1998). Relative absorptive capacity and interorganizational learning. Strategic Management Journal, 19, 461–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Lant, T. K., & Montgomery, D. B. (1987). Learning from strategic success and failure. Journal of Business Research, 15, 503–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Larsen, H. H., O’Driscoll, M. P., & Humphries, M. (1991). Technological innovation and the development of managerial competencies. Technovation, 11(7), 419–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Lee, C., Lee, K. A., & Pennings, J. M. (2001). Internal capabilities, external networks, and performance: a study on technology-based ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 615–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lengnick-Hall, C. A. (1992). Strategic configurations and designs for corporate entrepreneurship: exploring the relationship between cohesiveness and performance. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 9, 127–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Lokshin, B., Van Gils, B., & Bauer, E. (2009). Crafting firm competencies to improve innovative performance. European Management Journal, 27, 187–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Lumpkin, G. T., & Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 135–172.Google Scholar
  84. MacMillan, I. C., Block, Z., & Narasimha, P. N. S. (1984). ). Obstacles and experience in corporate ventures. In J. A. Hornaday et al. (Eds.), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research. Wellesley, MA: Babson College.Google Scholar
  85. Martín-Rojas, R., García-Morales, V. J., & García-Sánchez, E. (2011). The influence on corporate entrepreneurship of technological variables. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 111(7), 984–1005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Martín-Rojas, R., García-Morales, V. J., & Bolívar-Ramos, M. T. (2013). Influence of technological support, skills and competencies, and learning on corporate entrepreneurship in European technology firms. Technovation, 33, 417–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. McCann, J. E. (1991). Design principles for an innovating company. Academy of Management Executive, 5(2), 76–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Melander, L., & Tell, F. (2014). Uncertainty in collaborative NPD: effects on the selection of technology and supplier. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 31, 103–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Miller, D. (1983). The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firms. Management Science, 29, 770–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Murray, J. Y., & Kotabe, M. (1999). Sourcing strategies of U.S. service companies: a modified transaction-cost analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 791–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Muzyka, D., De Konig, A., & Churchill, N. (1995). On transformation and adaptation: Building the entrepreneurial corporation. European Management Journal, 13(4), 346–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Nadkami, S., & Narayanan, V. K. (2007). Strategic schemas, strategic flexibility, and firm performance: the moderating role of industry clockspeed. Strategic Management Journal, 28(3), 243–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Naldi, L., Nordqvist, M., Sjoberg, K., & Wiklund, J. (2007). Entrepreneurial orientation, risk taking, and performance in family firms. Family Business Review, 20(1), 33–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Nerkar, A., & Roberts, P. W. (2004). Technological and product-market experience and the success of new product introductions in the pharmaceutical industry. Strategic Management Journal, 25(8–9), 779–799.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Nery, F., & Ville, S. (2008). Social capital renewal and the academic performance of international students in Australia. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 1515–1538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Nieto, M. (2004). Basic propositions for the study of the technological innovation process in the firm. European Journal of Innovation Management, 7(4), 314–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  98. Nosella, A., Petroni, G., & Verbano, C. (2006). Innovation development in biopharmaceutical start-up firms: an Italian case study. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 23, 202–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Olavarrieta, S., & Friedmann, R. (2008). Market orientation, knowledge-related resources and firm performance. Journal of Business Research, 61, 623–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Patel, P., & Pavitt, K. (1997). The technological competencies of the world’s largest firms: complex and path-dependent, but not much variety. Research Policy, 26, 141–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Paunovic, B. (2012). The role of corporate entrepreneurship in solving the competitiveness crisis of large companies. Serbian Association of Economists Journal,, 7(8), 343–354.Google Scholar
  102. Podsakoff, P. M., & Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-reports in organization research: Problems and prospects. Journal of Management, 12, 531–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Prahalad, C. K., & Hamel, G. (1990). The core competence of the corporation. Harvard Business Review, 63(3), 79–91.Google Scholar
  105. Rauch, A., Wiklund, J., Lumpkin, G., & Frese, M. (2009). Entrepreneurial orientation and business performance: An assessment of past research and suggestions for the future. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 33(3), 761–787.Google Scholar
  106. Real, J. C., Leal, A., & Roldan, J. L. (2006). Information technology as a determinant of organizational learning and technological distinctive competencies. Industrial Marketing Management, 35, 505–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Robinson, A. T., & Marino, L. D. (2015). Overconfidence and risk perceptions: do they really matter for venture creation decisions? International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11(1), 149–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Robinson Jr., R. B., Logan, J. E., & Salen, M. Y. (1986). Strategic versus operational planning in small firms. American Journal of Small Business, 10, 7–10.Google Scholar
  109. Schollhammer, H. (1982). Internal corporate entrepreneurship. In C. A. Kent, D. L. Sexton, & K. H. Vesper (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  110. Schönsleben, P. (2000). With agility and adequate partnership strategies towards effective logistics networks. Computers in Industry, 42, 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Schumpeter, J. A. (1934). The theory of economic development (1st Edition) ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  112. Senge, P., Roberts, C., Ross, R. B., Smith, B. J., & Kleiner, A. (1994). The fifth discipline Fieldbook. New York: Doubleday Publ.Google Scholar
  113. Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217–226.Google Scholar
  114. Sharma, P., & Chrisman, J. J. (1999). Toward a reconciliation of the definitional issues in the field of corporate entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 23(3), 11–27.Google Scholar
  115. Simsek, Z., & Heavey, C. (2011). The mediating role of knowledge-based capital for corporate entrepreneurship effects on performance: a study of small- to medium-sized firms. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 5(1), 81–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Singh, P. (2008). Job analysis for a changing workplace. Human Resource Management Review, 18, 87–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Slotte-kock, S., & Coviello, N. (2010). Entrepreneurship Research on Network Processes: A Review and Ways Forward. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 34(1), 31–57.Google Scholar
  118. Smart, D. T., & Conant, J. S. (1994). Entrepreneurial orientation, Distinctive marketing competencies and organizational performance. Journal of Applied Business Research, 10(3), 28–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Smith, M., Busi, M., Ball, P., & Van der Meer, R. (2008). Factors influencing an organisations ability to manage innovation: a structured literature review and conceptual model. International Journal of Innovation Management, 12(4), 655--676.Google Scholar
  120. Spector, P. E. (2006). Method variance in organizational research: truth or urban legend? Organizational Research Methods, 9, 221–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Stam, W., & Elfring, T. (2008). Entrepreneurial orientation and new venture performance: the moderating role of intra- and extraindustry social capital. Academy of Management Journal, 51(1), 97–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Stoica, M., & Schindehutte, M. (1999). Understanding adaptation in small firms: links to culture and performance. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 4(1), 1–18.Google Scholar
  123. Teece, D. J., Rumelt, R. P., Dosi, G., & Winter, S. (1994). Understanding corporate coherence: theory and evidence. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 23(1), 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Thong, J. Y. L., Yap, C. S., & Raman, K. S. (1996). Top management support, external expertise and information systems implementation in small businesses. Information Systems Research, 7(2), 248–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Toledano, N., Urbano, D., & Bernadich, M. (2010). Networks and corporate entrepreneurship: a comparative case study on family business in Catalonia. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 23(4), 396–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Torrisi, S. (1998). Industrial organization and innovation: an international study of the software industry. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  128. Tushman, M. L., & Anderson, P. C. (1986). Technological discontinuities and organizational environments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31(3), 439–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Ulhoi, J. (1997). Industry and the environment: a case study of cleaner technologies in selected European countries. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 14, 259–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Utterback, J. M. (1994). Mastering the dynamics of Innovation. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  131. Van de Ven, A. H. (1986). Central problems in the management of innovation. Management Science, 32(5), 590–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Van de Ven, A. H., Hudson, R., & Schroeder, D. M. (1984). Designing new business startups: entrepreneurial, organizational, and ecological considerations. Journal of Management, 10, 87–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Van Den Bosch, F. A. J., Volberda, H. W., & De Boer, M. (1999). Coevolution of firm absorptive capacity and knowledge environment: organizational forms and combinative capabilities. Organization Science, 10, 551–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Van Hemert, P., & Nijkamp, P. (2010). Knowledge investments, business R&D and innovativeness of countries: A qualitative meta-analytic comparison. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77, 369–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Venkatraman, N., & Ramanujam, V. (1986). Measurement of business performance in strategy research: a comparison of approaches. Academy of Management Review, 11(4), 801–814.Google Scholar
  136. Walsh, S. T., & Linton, J. D. (2001). The competence pyramid: A framework for identifying and analyzing firm and industry competence. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 13(2), 165–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Walsh, S. T., & Linton, J. D. (2002). The measurement of technical competencies. Journal of High Technology Management Research, 13, 63–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Wan, F., Williamson, P.J., & Yin, E. (2015). Antecedents and implications of disruptive innovation: evidence from China. Technovation, 29–40, 94–104.Google Scholar
  139. Wang, K. J., & Lestari, Y. D. (2013). Firm competencies on market entry success: evidence from a high-tech industry in an emerging market. Journal of Business Research, 66(12), 2444–2450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Wang, Y., Lo, H. P., & Yang, Y. (2004). The constituents of core competencies and firm performance: evidence from high-technology firms in China. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 21(4), 249–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Woolley, J. (2010). Technology emergence through entrepreneurship across multiple industries. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 4, 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Yip, G. S. (1982). Barriers to entry: a corporate-strategy perspective. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  143. Zahra, S. A. (1991). Predictors and financial outcomes of corporate entrepreneurship: an exploratory study. Journal of Business Venturing, 6(4), 259–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Zahra, S. A. (1993). Environment, corporate entrepreneurship, and financial performance: A taxonomic approach. Journal of Business Venturing, 8(4), 319–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Zahra, S. A., & Covin, J. G. (1995). Contextual influences on the corporate entrepreneurship-performance relationship: a longitudinal analysis. Journal of Business Venturing, 10(1), 43–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Zahra, S. A., & George, G. (2002). Absorptive capacity: a review, reconceptualization, and extension. Academy of Management Review, 27(2), 185–203.Google Scholar
  147. Zahra, S. A., Nielsen, A. P., & Bogner, W. C. (1999). Corporate entrepreneurship, knowledge, and competence development. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 23(3), 169–189.Google Scholar
  148. Zahra, S. A., Neubaum, D. O., & Huse, M. (2000). Entrepreneurship in medium-size companies: exploring the effects of ownership and governance systems. Journal of Management, 26(5), 947–976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Zaltman, G., Duncan, R., & Holbeck, J. (1973). Innovations and organizations. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodrigo Martín-Rojas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Virginia Fernández-Pérez
    • 1
  • Encarnación García-Sánchez
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y EmpresarialesGranada UniversityGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de Educacion, Economia y Tecnologia de CeutaGranada UniversityCeutaSpain

Personalised recommendations